Fri, Feb 24, 2017 | updated 10:41 PM IST

Autistic kids pose disorder risk to siblings

Updated: Aug 06, 2016 10:48 IST

Washington D.C, Aug 6 (ANI): Turns out, genetics can place you at risk as according to a recent study, the chances of a kid developing an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is 14 times higher if his or her older sibling has ASD.

The Kaiser Permanente study also found the risk level was consistent across gestational age at birth.

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined by impairments in social interaction and communication, as well as restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. It occurs in 1 in 68 children, according to the most recent data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The cause of autism is unknown, but research has identified a number of different genetic and environmental factors that may play a role in its development.

"Our study provides additional insights into how autism affects siblings," explained senior author Darios Getahun. "These findings also contribute to a better understanding of the influence of factors such as gender on autism risk."

The researchers focused on at least two siblings born to the same mother between 28 and 42 weeks of gestation from 2001 through 2010. Researchers examined the medical records of the 53,336 children born during this time, of which 592 were diagnosed with ASD, and found that children with older siblings who had ASD had an ASD rate of 11.3 percent compared to 0.92 percent for those with unaffected older siblings.

Compared with gestational age-matched younger siblings without ASD diagnosis, those born at term (37-42 gestational weeks), who had an older sibling diagnosed with ASD, had more than 15 times the increased risk for ASD diagnosis.

Younger siblings, who were born at preterm (28-36 gestational weeks) and had an older sibling diagnosed with ASD, had an almost 10 times increased risk for ASD.

Younger boys with ASD, who had older brothers, were much more likely to be affected by the disorder than younger girls with older sisters (15 percent vs 7 percent, respectively).

"It's possible that parents who have an older child with an autism diagnosis are more likely to have their younger siblings tested, too, resulting in a higher rate of diagnoses among younger siblings, compared with parents who do not have children diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder," noted Getahun.

The researchers also noted that the gender difference observed in this study could be due to biases in diagnosis and reporting.

The study is published in Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. (ANI)

Too much sugar may causes Alzheimer's

Updated: Feb 24, 2017 06:13 IST

London [UK], Feb. 24 (ANI): A diet, high in sugar, could lead to Alzheimers, as a study finds a link between sugar and the brain disease.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 23 (ANI): A study was conducted in 19 centers over a period of six months to understand the different types of constipation and the causes behind them. One of the key highlights has been that constipation is highly prevalent in cities as compared to the rural areas.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb 23. (ANI): Never neglect your kid, if you do not want to subject him to mental health issues!

Full Story >>

Now, you can cure insomnia with placebo: Study

Updated: Feb 23, 2017 06:27 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 23 (ANI): Briton researchers have found a simple placebo may really work well to cure insomnia.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 23 (ANI): Beware! US researchers warned that taking drugs to reduce gastric acid for prolonged periods may lead to serious kidney problems, including kidney failure.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): In rarest of its kind, a paediatric surgery performed by doctors at a city-based hospital gave a new lease of life to a newborn, suffering from a life-threatening defect of the alimentary canal.

Full Story >>

Beware! Zika can be a reason for miscarriage

Updated: Feb 22, 2017 14:18 IST

Washington D.C. (USA), Feb. 22 (ANI): Beware to-be mothers! According to a recent study, Zika virus could lead to a greater risk of miscarriage in the early stage of pregnancy.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. (USA), Feb. 22 (ANI): Women with a rare type of epithelial ovarian or peritoneum cancer, can now take sigh of relief.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 22 (ANI): Now don't blame those chips and chocolates for you childs extra pounds, as a study says around 35-40 percent of a child's is inherited from their parents.

Full Story >>

Drinking too much may age arteries over time!

Updated: Feb 22, 2017 06:03 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 22 (ANI): Excessive boozing over the years might age arteries prematurely, especially in men, putting them at an increased risk for heart disease.

Full Story >>

Chronic knee pain may be treated online

Updated: Feb 21, 2017 06:41 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 21 (ANI): A study has found out that an online intervention, combining home exercise and pain-coping skills training, provided substantial clinical benefits for patients suffering from chronic knee pain.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 21 (ANI): Only exercise is not enough to maintain that figure, which is an after effect of much toil and sweat!

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 20 (ANI): With rising life expectancy, increasingly sedentary lifestyles and surge in incidence of obesity, India is also witnessing a resultant rise in orthopedic problems as a natural corollary.

Full Story >>

Children inherit obesity from parents: Study

Updated: Feb 20, 2017 14:54 IST

Washington D.C. (USA), Feb. 20 (ANI): A study reveals that 35-40 percent of a child's 'Body Mass Index' - how fat or thin they are - is inherited from their parents.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb 20. (ANI): Good news for all those lazy-headed not-really-a-cleanliness-freak out there! Scientists have found out that the obsession with hygiene could even be turning some beneficial bacteria found in the human gut into "endangered species".

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb 20. (ANI): In order to persuade someone to quit smoking, it is the 'emotions' that need to be triggered rather than inciting fear in an individual.

Full Story >>

No difference between good or bad diet: Study

Updated: Feb 20, 2017 05:54 IST

New Delhi [India], Feb 20. (ANI): Ever faced a choice between Brown and white bread?

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 19 (ANI): To boost sustainability of livestock production, a study finds that gene editing - one of the newest and most promising tools of biotechnology - enables animal breeders to make beneficial genetic changes, without bringing along unwanted genetic changes.

Full Story >>

People with ADHD may have smaller brain volume

Updated: Feb 19, 2017 07:09 IST

New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): In a latest study it has been found out that people diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have smaller brain volume than those without the disorder.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): What if we tell you that scientists can actually slow down the process of ageing. Sounds too good to be true right?

Full Story >>