Washington D.C. [USA], Sept. 6 (ANI
): A recent research shows that
adults admitted to hospital during school holidays are 38 percent more
likely to have pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) than
those admitted during term time.
Child contact is a risk factor for adult pneumococcal disease.
In this research, the authors hypothesised that school holidays would
be associated with increased rates of adult non-invasive pneumococcal
CAP, due to changes in child contact patterns and transmission of
Between September 2008 and 2013, adults admitted with CAP to 2
hospitals that covered the catchment area of Greater Nottingham, were
Of 2,221 individuals, 643 (29.0 percent) were diagnosed with pneumococcal CAP.
Of those with pneumococcal CAP, 203 (31.5 percent) were admitted
during school holiday periods.
Admission during school holidays was independently associated with a
diagnosis of pneumococcal CAP, after adjustment for variables
including child contact.
There was a 35 percent increase in the age-adjusted incidence rate of
adult pneumococcal CAP during school holidays compared to term time.
Lead author Daniel said, "Our results demonstrate a higher incidence
of pneumococcal CAP in adults hospitalised during school holiday
periods compared to term-time. Duration and intensity of child contact
may play an important role in pneumococcal disease
adults, however, as this is an observational analysis causality cannot
"Social interactions between adults and children
seem to be important
in relation to rates of pneumococcal pneumonia. Adults at higher risk
of developing severe pneumococcal pneumonia may benefit from being
vaccinated in accordance with current national guidelines," she added.
The study was presented at European Respiratory Society (ERS)
International Congress in London. (ANI