Sun, Apr 23, 2017 | updated 09:25 PM IST

Prostate cancer cases to double by 2020: Study

Updated: Sep 15, 2016 11:45 IST      
Prostate cancer cases to double by 2020: Study

New Delhi [India], Sept. 15 (ANI): Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common cause of cancer and the sixth leading cause of cancer death among men worldwide.

The cancer projection data shows that the number of cases will become double by 2020.

In India, it is the second most common cancer in Indian males as per the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and various state cancer registries. The incidence rate in India is 9-10/100000 population which is higher than other parts of Asia and Africa but lower than USA and Europe.

Prostate is the second leading site of cancer among males in large Indian cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Pune and Thiruvananthapuram; third leading site of cancer in cities like Bangalore and Mumbai.

The data shows that almost all regions of India are equally affected by this cancer. The incidence rates of this cancer are constantly and rapidly increasing in all the Population Based Cancer Registries (PBRCs).

Delhi Cancer registry shows cancer of the prostate is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer among men in Delhi accounting for about 6.78 percent of all malignancies.

According to a study by International Agency for Research on Cancer, the worldwide Prostate Cancer (PCa) burden is expected to grow to 1.7 million new cases and 4,99,000 new deaths by 2030 simply due to the growth and aging of the global population.

India has its own share of prostrate health problems and needs urgent action.

The government has already heard the bell and the Centre has made it mandatory to get the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) examination which highlights the seriousness towards the disease.

Medical treatment for PCa requires money but screening and treatment at central government hospitals like RML, AIIM and Safdarjung is free of cost.

To discuss the issues related to prostrate health in India, healthcare stakeholders are observing September/October as Prostrate Health Month across the country.

Addressing a press conference in New Delhi Prof (Dr) Anup Kumar, Head of Department, Department of Urology and Renal Transplant, VMMC and Safdarjang Hospital said, "Over 85 percent of the cancer can be cured by medicine while 10 to 15 percent can be cured by surgery. Benign Prostatic enlargement is a normal physiological process in which prostate size grows with age, commonly after 40 years, and may cause symptoms of LUTS (Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms)."

Prof(Dr) P N Dogra, Head of Department, Urology, AIIMS said, "Sedentary life style with obesity can trigger the chances of getting prostate cancer although it is mainly genetically driven. Presently, we cannot prevent the prostate cancer practically. However, a vigil on prostrate health can help. If detected early in localized stage and definitive treatment is given, the patient can be cured."

It is also promising to note that new drugs are available for metastatic prostate cancer like Enzalutamide, Abiraterone.

"The trials have shown that finasteride taken for long duration can prevent prostate cancer.Similarly, lycopene has been shown beneficial in some studies to prevent prostate cancer. Presently, research is going to develop prostate cancer tumor vaccines to prevent cancer," he added.

Experts advise all male patients more than 50 years of age presenting with symptoms of LUTS to go far annual PSA testing. In case of positive family history, screening starts at age of 40 years annually.

The annual age adjusted (world population) incidence rate of prostate cancer in Delhi was 10.66per 100,000 which is higher than South-East Asia (8.3) and Northern Africa (8.1) but lower than Northern America (85.6), Southern Europe (50.0) and Eastern Europe (29.1) and it is comparable to Western Asia (13.8).

"Previously it was thought, that prevalence of prostate cancer in India is far lower as compared to the western countries but with the increased migration of rural population to the urban areas, changing lifestyles, increased awareness, and easy access to medical facility, more cases of prostate cancer are being picked up and it is coming to the knowledge that we are not very far behind the rate from western countries," said Dr Kumar.

"The cancer registries are reporting some new information and we can see that we are going to face a major increase in cancer incidences in the coming years," he added.

The population of India in general and that of the areas covered by the registries in particular, have displayed rapid changes in life styles, dietary practices and socio-economic milieu. Diagnostic and detection technologies have improved and more of the population has not only access, but can also afford the same.

According to the experts, if the present trends of increasing life expectancy continue, given the current age-specific incidence, morbidity, and mortality rates of prostate cancer, this disease will become a far greater public health problem in the future.

"Correct and complete knowledge of epidemiology is very important in helping policy makers' and concerned authorities to plan and formulate sound prostrate health strategies based on scientific and empirical bases," said Dr Kumar. (ANI)

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): A recent study has demonstrated that in the general population, central obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, lipid abnormalities and high alcohol consumption were the strongest predictors of severe liver disease.

Full Story >>

Breastmilk may help detect your cancer risk

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 11:50 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): Breastmilk might offer clues about a woman's cancer risk, according to a recent research.

Full Story >>

Soon, new weapon in war against obesity

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 11:14 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): A team of scientists has uncovered a potential approach to combat obesity.

Full Story >>

Turns out, being obese is worse than smoking

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 10:52 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): You may want to shed those extra kilos as a recent study has found obesity as a top cause of preventable life-years lost.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): Testing for molecular markers in the urine of kidney transplant patients could reveal whether the transplant is failing and why, according to a recent research.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): People with drug-resistant bacteria in their urine or stool samples are at an increased risk of developing Sepsis, a bloodstream infection that is also resistant to certain antibiotics, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Move over contact lenses, LASIK is better

Updated: Apr 22, 2017 18:05 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], April 22 (ANI): Good news for those who underwent LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) for correction of their vision, as a recent study has found that the rate of cornea infection is lower.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Apr. 22 (ANI): In today's era of booming medical advancements, the chances of survival from cancer can be increased, if it is detected at an early stage.

Full Story >>

Eman Ahmed has done miraculously well: Doctor

Updated: Apr 21, 2017 21:11 IST

Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India], Apr 21 (ANI): 36-year-old Egyptian Eman Ahmed, who was the heaviest woman in the world at 500-plus kg until a few months ago, has lost 250kg in two months after undergoing surgery here at Saifee Hospital.

Full Story >>

Let's create awareness about liver cancer!

Updated: Apr 21, 2017 17:25 IST

New Delhi [India], Apr 21 (ANI): The increasing liver disease is one of the most common diseases in the world.

Full Story >>

College blues? Turn to mindfulness

Updated: Apr 21, 2017 16:35 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 21 (ANI): Heading off to college? A recent study has suggested that mindfulness may help freshmen stress less and smile more.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], April 21 (ANI): A team of US researchers has revealed that the traditional clinical hearing tests often fail to diagnose patients with a common form of inner ear damage, which otherwise might be detected by some behavioural tests.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], April 21 (ANI): Canadian researchers have found that people with multiple sclerosis start showing symptoms of something wrong, five years before the onset of disease.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 20 (ANI): You may want to stimulate your brain in early life as a recent study has found that it may help stay mentally healthy in older age.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Apr 20 (ANI): A 24-year-old multiple sclerosis patient recently got another chance at life after undergoing a bone marrow transplantation.

Full Story >>

A weapon against Alzheimer's in your womb?

Updated: Apr 20, 2017 17:13 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 20 (ANI): Think your memory is starting to slip? A protein found in umbilical cord blood may help turn back the clock on mental ageing.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Apr 20 (ANI): Even though 91% Indians consider health a priority and intend to make healthy changes, a study suggests that almost one-third of the population does not care to visit physicians on time.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], April 20 (ANI): Menopausal or pre- menopausal women, aged 40-65, who experience hot flashes or excessive sweating during sleep, are at increased risk of moderate and severe depression.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Apr 19 (ANI): Tobacco is considered to be one of the most important avoidable lifestyle related cause of cancer in the world.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Apr 19 (ANI): According to WHO, liver disease is the 10th most common cause of death in India.

Full Story >>