Thu, Apr 27, 2017 | updated 06:26 PM IST

New HIV infections stagnating globally at 2.5 million per year

Updated: Jul 20, 2016 14:18 IST      
New HIV infections stagnating globally at 2.5 million per year

Washington D.C, Jul 20 (ANI): Deaths from HIV/AIDS may have been steadily declining from a peak in 2005, but that doesn't mean the disease rates are going down.

A major new analysis from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 (GBD 2015) study, 2.5 million people worldwide became newly infected with HIV in 2015, a number that hasn't changed substantially in the past 10 years.

The new GBD estimates show a slow pace of decline in new HIV infections worldwide, with a drop of just 0.7 percent a year between 2005 and 2015 compared to the fall of 2.7 percent a year between 1997 and 2005.

Improvements and updates in GBD's data sources and methodology indicate that the number of people living with HIV has been increasing steadily from 27.96 million in 2000 to 38.8 million in 2015. Annual deaths from HIV/AIDS have been declining at a steady pace from a peak of 1.8 million in 2005, to 1.2 million in 2015, partly due to the scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Furthermore, the proportion of people living with HIV on ART increased rapidly between 2005 and 2015 from 6.4 percent to 38.6 percent for men and from 3.3 percent to 42.4 percent for women. Yet, most countries are still far from achieving the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target of 81 percent by 2020.

While the annual number of new infections has decreased since its peak at 3.3 million per year in 1997, it has stayed relatively constant at around an estimated 2.5 million a year worldwide for the past decade.

"Although scale-up of antiretroviral therapy and measures to prevent mother-to-child transmission have had a huge impact on saving lives, our new findings present a worrying picture of slow progress in reducing new HIV infections over the past 10 years", said lead author Dr Haidong Wang from the University of Washington.

"Development assistance for HIV/AIDS is stagnating and health resources in many low-income countries are expected to plateau over the next 15 years. Therefore, a massive scale-up of efforts from governments and international agencies will be required to meet the estimated $36 billion needed every year to realise the goal of ending AIDS by 2030, along with better detection and treatment programmes and improving the affordability of antiretroviral drugs," said Professor Christopher Murray.

The findings come from a comprehensive new analysis of HIV incidence, prevalence, deaths and coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART) at the global, regional, and national level for 195 countries between 1980 and 2015 (see table 1 for country-by-country data).

Despite years of strong progress in reducing HIV at the global level, success in different countries and regions varies as the HIV epidemic has peaked and declined at different times, and depending on access to, and quality of ART, and other care.

Key regional and country GBD 2015 findings include:

In 2015, 1.8 million of new infections were in sub-Saharan Africa. Outside of Africa, south Asia accounted for 8.5 percent, southeast Asia for 4.7 percent and east Asia for 2.3 percent.

Within Europe, the highest numbers of new infections in 2015 were in Russia, Ukraine, Spain, Portugal, UK, Italy and Germany.

Between 2005 and 2015, 74 countries experienced a rise in age-standardised incidence rates, notably in Indonesia and the Philippines, north Africa and the Middle East, and eastern Europe, but also in some countries in western Europe (Spain and Greece).

In 2015, especially high rates of incidence (new infections in 2015 divided by the total population) were recorded in southern Africa, with more than 1 percent of the population becoming infected with HIV in Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland, compared with around 39 per 100000 in Ethiopia and 42 per 100000 in Congo.

In 2015, the highest incidence rates in Europe were in Russia (exceeding 20 per 100000), while Cambodia (above 46 per 100000) had the highest rates in Asia. In parts of Latin America and the Caribbean (Belize, Guyana, and Haiti), rates exceed 50 per 100000 people.

No country has achieved the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target that 81 percent of people living with HIV should be receiving ART by 2020 yet, Sweden (76 percent), the USA, Netherlands, and Argentina (all at about 70 percent) are close.

ART coverage is highly variable and massive scale-up of treatment is needed in the Middle East, north Africa, eastern Europe, and east Asia where only around a fifth of people living with HIV receive ART, and in central Asia where treatment reaches less than a third of people with HIV.

Although global HIV mortality has been declining at 5.5 percent a year since the mid-2000s, progress has been mixed between regions and countries. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, mass scale-up of ART and interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission have led to huge declines in HIV death rates over the past decade, while in many countries in north Africa and the Middle East like Morocco, Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Tunisia, progress has been nonexistent.

The study, which was launched at the International AIDS meeting in Durban, South Africa, is published in The Lancet HIV journal. (ANI)

Parkinson's disease starts in gut: Study

Updated: Apr 27, 2017 10:03 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 27 (ANI): A recent study suggests that parkinson's disease, a disorder of the central nervous system, may start in the gut and spread to the brain via the vagus nerve.

Full Story >>

Lung for Long: Gasp No More

Updated: Apr 26, 2017 18:45 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr 26 (ANI-Businesswire India): Lungs in Delhi seem to be in dire straits. In the midst of ever thickening air pollution and lifestyle gone astray, lung power is ebbing fast. Data emerging from April 25 lung health camp organized in iconic Press Club of India (PCI) on the occasion of World Asthma Day pressed panic button as regards lung health of the capital city.

Full Story >>

Risk of obesity influenced by changes in our genes

Updated: Apr 26, 2017 15:22 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr 26 (ANI): According to new study, a child's risk of obesity while growing up can be influenced by modifications to their DNA prior to birth.

Full Story >>

Patient with rare knee cancer undergoes life saving surgery

Updated: Apr 26, 2017 13:52 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr 26 (ANI): A resident of Ganganager, in Rajasthan, was diagnosed of Large Soft Tissue Sarcoma (9Kg), with Neuro Vascular involvement.

Full Story >>

Here`s how protein impacts intellectual disability

Updated: Apr 26, 2017 07:36 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 26 (ANI): A new study has paved the way for the potential treatments of intellectual disability and other neurodevelopmental disorders.

Full Story >>

Stem cells can help identify neuronal defects, suggests Study

Updated: Apr 25, 2017 12:26 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 25 (ANI): According to a recent study, the researchers used stem cells derived from patients with Angelman syndrome to identify the underlying cellular defects that cause the rare neurogenetic disorder.

Full Story >>

#WorldMalariaDay: Effective steps to prevent Malaria

Updated: Apr 25, 2017 11:01 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr 25 (ANI): The theme for World Malaria Day this year is "End Malaria for Good".

Full Story >>

Artificial Intelligence may help in diagnosing Tuberoculosis

Updated: Apr 25, 2017 11:01 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 25 (ANI): If you are a patient of Tuberculosis, then we might have some good news for you.

Full Story >>

London [UK], Apr 25 (ANI): According to a new study, only one in five victims with serious injuries caused by child abuse in England and Wales gets treated at a major trauma centre.

Full Story >>

Gene reveals cause of fatal childhood disorder: Study

Updated: Apr 24, 2017 17:51 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr 24 (ANI): A gene, involved in brain development, which can lead to severe disability and infant death, has been identified by scientists.

Full Story >>

Alcohol: the modern age liver killer

Updated: Apr 24, 2017 17:51 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr 24 (ANI): Alcohol is predominantly metabolized through liver, hence its cumulative toxicity over years play important role in liver diseases or pancreatic diseases.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], April 24 (ANI): Due to increasing deaths because of prostate cancer among men, US researchers have suggested a special screening more frequently and at an early age to avoid the development of preclinical prostate cancer - that is not symptomatic - to advanced stages.

Full Story >>

Love guzzling diet sodas? Here is why you should NOT

Updated: Apr 24, 2017 07:02 IST     

New York [U.S.], Apr. 24 (ANI): Still downing gallons of diet soda despite knowing that it wrecks your body? Maybe the knowledge of artificially sweetened beverages taking a toll on your brain as well ought to make an impact on your unhealthy habit.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): A recent study has demonstrated that in the general population, central obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, lipid abnormalities and high alcohol consumption were the strongest predictors of severe liver disease.

Full Story >>

Breastmilk may help detect your cancer risk

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 11:50 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): Breastmilk might offer clues about a woman's cancer risk, according to a recent research.

Full Story >>

Soon, new weapon in war against obesity

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 11:14 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): A team of scientists has uncovered a potential approach to combat obesity.

Full Story >>

Turns out, being obese is worse than smoking

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 10:52 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): You may want to shed those extra kilos as a recent study has found obesity as a top cause of preventable life-years lost.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): Testing for molecular markers in the urine of kidney transplant patients could reveal whether the transplant is failing and why, according to a recent research.

Full Story >>

From urine to blood: How antibiotic resistance spreads

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 09:25 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): People with drug-resistant bacteria in their urine or stool samples are at an increased risk of developing Sepsis, a bloodstream infection that is also resistant to certain antibiotics, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Move over contact lenses, LASIK is better

Updated: Apr 22, 2017 18:05 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], April 22 (ANI): Good news for those who underwent LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) for correction of their vision, as a recent study has found that the rate of cornea infection is lower.

Full Story >>