Fri, May 26, 2017 | updated 01:45 AM IST

Thickening of neck artery is evident in young patients with early psychosis

Updated: Oct 20, 2016 12:36 IST      
Thickening of neck artery is evident in young patients with early psychosis

Washington D.C. [USA], Oct. 20 (ANI): New research shows that young people diagnosed with early onset psychosis (EOP) and bipolar disorder (BPD) already show signs of atherosclerosis (blood vessel inflammation and thickening) in their major neck artery (the left carotid artery).

EOP and early onset BPD include several devastating mental disorders with an age of onset of generally under-18 years.

Several studies have shown the strong relationship between these disorders and later risk of developing cardiovascular disease, with high rates of mortality. However, it is unknown whether blood vessels are already affected in childhood and adolescence in these patients, or if these changes develop later after the emergence of other risk factors including high blood pressure, continuing lack of physical activity, and overweight/obesity.

In this study, the authors used a relatively new technique of high frequency ultrasound (HFU) to analyse changes in the main neck artery. This technology has been used in recent years and has made it possible to detect intima media pathology in several conditions such as pre-eclampsia and systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus).

With ageing, the outer layer of the artery (the media) gets thinner, while the inner layer (intima) becomes thicker, with the overall effect of constricting blood flow through the artery. The authors used HFU to measure carotid artery thickness in 29 young people with EOP and BPD (42 percent female, mean age 17 years) and 28 matched controls (28 percent female, mean age 17 years).

The results showed a substantial difference in intima thickness (0.13 mm in EOP / BPD patients versus 0.08 mm in controls), but there was no significant difference in media thickness.

The authors said, "This finding suggests that the blood vessels are already affected in early onset psychosis and that the process of atherosclerosis is initiated. The results may have implications for the understanding the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease and for the development of new treatment strategies for reducing future risk of cardiovascular diseases in patients with early onset psychosis."

"More trials are needed to investigate these early physiological changes in young people with serious mental disorders, with high frequency ultrasound evaluated in prospective studies. It is possible that the thicker intima in patients might be reversible when psychotic symptoms decrease with treatment. The possible confounding effects of drug treatment should also be investigated," they added.

The study has been presented at International Early Psychosis Association (IEPA) meeting in Milan, Italy. (ANI)

Washington D.C. [USA], May 25 (ANI): A study, presented at EuroCMR, says that chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy react more on men than women.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI): Envisioning a leap in emergency care, Aster DM Healthcare on Thursday launched its most novel and unique concept, the 'Aster Emergency' app, which will offer real-time interface between the patient in emergency and a GPS-enabled Aster 'Responder'.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI-BusinessWireIndia): Everyuth Naturals, a pioneer and a leading skincare brand known for its natural ingredients and effective products has announced the re-launch of its flagship product in the face wash category with-the new improved Everyuth Tulsi Turmeric Face Wash.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI): A Sutureless Valve Replacement surgery was recently performed on a 78 year old patient by Global Hospitals, Mumbai.

Full Story >>

Suicide rates among people with autism on rise

Updated: May 25, 2017 11:26 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 25 (ANI): According to a recent study, suicide rates among autism patients have reached 'worryingly' high levels.

Full Story >>

Unhappy, less aware youth prone to alcohol addiction

Updated: May 25, 2017 10:36 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 25 (ANI): Making youth aware of the harms of smoking and drinking could help them steer away from alcohol and cigarettes, suggests a recent study.

Full Story >>

London [UK], May 24 (ANI): Sleep is the easiest thing to forego by hardworking individuals. What we don't realize is, when sleep fails, one's health declines along with the quality of life.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): According to a recent study, adequate levels of Vitamin D combined with good sleep can help you manage chronic arthritis and back pain.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): You might consider yourself to be a recreational user but could be further along the road to drug addiction than you might have realized, a study suggests.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): A recent study shows a multi-protein biomarker blood test to detect breast cancer can potentially reduce use of biopsy up to 67percent.

Full Story >>

Childhood obesity results in early onset of arthritis

Updated: May 24, 2017 09:32 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 7 (ANI): Obesity, which is assuming epidemic proportions among children, is proving too much on their delicate bones and joints.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): A team of researchers has found that intestinal fungi, chronic liver damage, increase risk of death for the people with alcohol-related liver disease.

Full Story >>

Here's what dentists can tell about your health

Updated: May 23, 2017 16:46 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): A recent study has found that by using medical and dental records, researchers can identify what is the cause of disease and how the patients with certain diseases will respond to surgery, medication or other interventions.

Full Story >>

Trying to lose weight? Dieting may not help

Updated: May 23, 2017 15:08 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): Dieting has a little effect on losing weight, as a study finds that brain cells act as a trigger to prevent us burning calories when food is scarce.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): A study finds that late middle-aged people, with a family history and longer version of mitochondrial gene, encountered twice as much memory loss up to 10 years later as someone with a family history and a short version of the gene.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 22 (ANI): Global nutrition company Herbalife Nutrition undertook a survey on balanced nutrition in 12 markets across Asia Pacific and surveyed more than 6,000 consumers to understand eating habits, exercise and lifestyle habits among them.

Full Story >>

New device could detect inflammation in lungs

Updated: May 22, 2017 15:23 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 22 (ANI): To improve the management of asthma and other respiratory diseases, researchers have created a graphene-based sensor that could lead to earlier detection of looming asthma attacks.

Full Story >>

Clinical trial gives hope to lung disease patients

Updated: May 22, 2017 13:13 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 22 (ANI): A 'game changing' clinical trial has given hope to patients with severe lung disease.

Full Story >>

Even moderate drinking may not keep heart disease at bay

Updated: May 22, 2017 12:29 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 22 (ANI): If you feel having a glass of wine with dinner or moderately consuming any kind of alcohol is going to save you from heart disease, then you might have to think over it again!

Full Story >>

You may blame the polluted air for disrupted sleep!

Updated: May 22, 2017 11:43 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 22 (ANI): If you are not having a sound sleep, then there might be fault in the air!

Full Story >>