Fri, Mar 24, 2017 | updated 05:31 PM IST

Graphics on cigarette pack can avert death rates

Updated: Nov 06, 2016 11:14 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Nov. 6 (ANI): A study says that using prominent, graphic picture on cigarette packs warning against smoking could avert more than 652,000 deaths, up to 92,000 low birth weight infants, up to 145,000 preterm births, and about 1,000 cases of sudden infant deaths in the U.S. over the next 50 years.

The researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, is the first to estimate the effects of pictorial warnings on cigarette packs on the health of both adults and infants in the U.S.

Although more than 70 nations have adopted or are considering adopting the World Health Organization's Framework Convention for Tobacco Control to use such front and back of-the-pack pictorial warnings, an example is a Brazilian photo of a father with a tracheotomy, they have not been implemented in the US. Pictorial warnings have been required by law, but an industry lawsuit stalled implementation of this requirement. Currently, a text-only warning appears on the side of cigarette packs in the U.S.

The study used a tobacco control policy model, SimSmoke, developed by Georgetown Lombardi's David T. Levy, which looks at the effects of past smoking policies as well as future policies. SimSmoke is peer-reviewed, and has been used and validated in more than 20 countries.

In this study, Levy and his colleagues, who included investigators at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, and the University of South Carolina, looked at changes in smoking rates in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom, which have already implement prominent pictorial warning labels (PWLs). For example, eight years after PWLs were implemented in Canada, there was an estimated 12 percent -- 20 percent relative reduction in smoking prevalence. After PWLs began to be used in Australia in 2006, adult smoking prevalence fell from 21.3 percent in 2007 to 19 percent in 2008. After implementation in the UK in 2008, smoking prevalence fell 10 percent in the following year.

The researchers used these and other studies and, employing the SimSmoke model, estimated that implementing PWLs in the U.S. would directly reduce smoking prevalence in relative terms by 5 percent in the near term, increasing to 10 percent over the long-term. If implemented in 2016, PWLs are estimated to reduce the number of smoking attributable deaths (heart disease, lung cancer and COPD) by an estimated 652,800 by 2065 and to prevent more than 46,600 cases of low-birth weights, 73,600 cases of preterm birth, and 1,000 SIDS deaths.

"The bottom line is that requiring large pictorial warnings would help protect the public health of people in the United States," said researcher Levy. "There is a direct association between these warnings and increased smoking cessation and reduced smoking initiation and prevalence. That would lead to significant reduction of death and morbidity, as well as medical cost."

The study has been published in the journal Tobacco Control. (ANI)

New Delhi [India], Mar. 24 (ANI): Continuing its efforts to raise awareness on tuberculosis and its diagnosis, Division of Clinical Microbiology & Molecular Medicine Department of Laboratory Medicine, AIIMS, and BD (Becton Dickinson India) for the third consecutive year organized a symposium today on "challenges in diagnosis and eradication of tuberculosis".

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 24 (ANI): On the solemn occasion of World Tuberculosis (TB) Day, Members of Parliament, policymakers, TB patients, survivors, and citizens of the civil society gathered at India Gate on Thursday, March 23 to pay tribute to the nearly five lakh lives lost due to this disease last year.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 24 (ANI): Emergence of multi drug resistant TB and complications aggravated by high rates of co-infection with HIV-AIDS has renewed the threat of TB epidemic in India. With widespread prevalence of the infection, children experience a serious risk of contracting Tuberculosis, especially if they are under-nourished.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 24 (ANI): Tuberculosis can affect any age, caste or class and it is one of the top 10 causes of death across the globe, ranking above HIV and malaria.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 24 (ANI): Tuberculosis is one of the top 10 causes of death across the globe, ranking above HIV and malaria. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2015, there were 10.4 million new cases of TB worldwide.

Full Story >>

London [UK], Mar. 23 (ANI): Want happy families? Then delay your decision to start a family, as a study suggests, children born to older mother experience have fewer behavioural, social and emotional problems.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 23 (ANI): For women, stay fit and maintain a healthy weight, as a study finds a higher waist-to-hip ratios increases the risk of ovarian cancer risk by more than a fifth.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 23 (ANI): A study finds that people who are born blind have heightened sense of hearing, smell and touch, suggesting that their brain "rewires" itself in the absence of visual information to boost other senses.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): For those suffering with age-related (degenerative) arthritis of the knee, a stage comes when all the reasonable non-operative options stops working.

Full Story >>

Hepatitis drug can help cut Ebola death rate

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 09:30 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): A class of drugs used to treat hepatitis and some forms of multiple sclerosis has shown promise in treating Ebola.

Full Story >>

Weekend surgery 'not riskier'

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 09:20 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): Day of the week has no impact on the survival chances of people undergoing emergency surgery, a new research has found.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): Despite existing prevention methods, transmission of infections with HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis or rubella from mother to child before and during birth as well as in infancy still occur across Europe.

Full Story >>

Changes in blood may spur Alzheimer's disease

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 07:29 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): A recent study has linked changes in the vascular system to Alzheimer's disease.

Full Story >>

Spraying onto broken hearts to heal them

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 06:45 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): A team of scientist has come up with a new method that may make the heart surgeries a history.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): With both tourism and casual "hookup" sex on the rise among college-age adults, there's an urgent need for gender-sensitive and age-appropriate sexual health campaigns that are tailored to young women's motivations for taking sexual risks while travelling, a new study has suggested.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): Now, detecting a mosquito-borne illness will be as easy as clicking a smartphone app - thanks to a team of scientists.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): A team of researchers has shed some light on how infections during pregnancy may interfere with the genes linked to prenatal brain development.

Full Story >>

Soon, a faster way to treat depression

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 16:02 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): A new and faster way to treat depression has come closer to reality - thanks to a team of scientists.

Full Story >>

All you need to know on Colorectal Cancer!

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 08:00 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): Colorectal cancer is also known as colon cancer, bowel cancer. It refers to a cancerous growth, lump or a tumour in the colon and the rectum. It is the second most common cancer, after adenocarcinoma.

Full Story >>

Prevent yourself from chronic kidney disease!

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 07:50 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): Each person normally has two kidneys, which are about the size of a fist and are located on either side of the spine at the level of waist.

Full Story >>