Fri, Feb 24, 2017 | updated 11:39 AM IST

Graphics on cigarette pack can avert death rates

Updated: Nov 06, 2016 11:14 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Nov. 6 (ANI): A study says that using prominent, graphic picture on cigarette packs warning against smoking could avert more than 652,000 deaths, up to 92,000 low birth weight infants, up to 145,000 preterm births, and about 1,000 cases of sudden infant deaths in the U.S. over the next 50 years.

The researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, is the first to estimate the effects of pictorial warnings on cigarette packs on the health of both adults and infants in the U.S.

Although more than 70 nations have adopted or are considering adopting the World Health Organization's Framework Convention for Tobacco Control to use such front and back of-the-pack pictorial warnings, an example is a Brazilian photo of a father with a tracheotomy, they have not been implemented in the US. Pictorial warnings have been required by law, but an industry lawsuit stalled implementation of this requirement. Currently, a text-only warning appears on the side of cigarette packs in the U.S.

The study used a tobacco control policy model, SimSmoke, developed by Georgetown Lombardi's David T. Levy, which looks at the effects of past smoking policies as well as future policies. SimSmoke is peer-reviewed, and has been used and validated in more than 20 countries.

In this study, Levy and his colleagues, who included investigators at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, and the University of South Carolina, looked at changes in smoking rates in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom, which have already implement prominent pictorial warning labels (PWLs). For example, eight years after PWLs were implemented in Canada, there was an estimated 12 percent -- 20 percent relative reduction in smoking prevalence. After PWLs began to be used in Australia in 2006, adult smoking prevalence fell from 21.3 percent in 2007 to 19 percent in 2008. After implementation in the UK in 2008, smoking prevalence fell 10 percent in the following year.

The researchers used these and other studies and, employing the SimSmoke model, estimated that implementing PWLs in the U.S. would directly reduce smoking prevalence in relative terms by 5 percent in the near term, increasing to 10 percent over the long-term. If implemented in 2016, PWLs are estimated to reduce the number of smoking attributable deaths (heart disease, lung cancer and COPD) by an estimated 652,800 by 2065 and to prevent more than 46,600 cases of low-birth weights, 73,600 cases of preterm birth, and 1,000 SIDS deaths.

"The bottom line is that requiring large pictorial warnings would help protect the public health of people in the United States," said researcher Levy. "There is a direct association between these warnings and increased smoking cessation and reduced smoking initiation and prevalence. That would lead to significant reduction of death and morbidity, as well as medical cost."

The study has been published in the journal Tobacco Control. (ANI)

Too much sugar may causes Alzheimer's

Updated: Feb 24, 2017 06:13 IST

London [UK], Feb. 24 (ANI): A diet, high in sugar, could lead to Alzheimers, as a study finds a link between sugar and the brain disease.

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New Delhi [India], Feb. 23 (ANI): A study was conducted in 19 centers over a period of six months to understand the different types of constipation and the causes behind them. One of the key highlights has been that constipation is highly prevalent in cities as compared to the rural areas.

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New Delhi [India], Feb 23. (ANI): Never neglect your kid, if you do not want to subject him to mental health issues!

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Now, you can cure insomnia with placebo: Study

Updated: Feb 23, 2017 06:27 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 23 (ANI): Briton researchers have found a simple placebo may really work well to cure insomnia.

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Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 23 (ANI): Beware! US researchers warned that taking drugs to reduce gastric acid for prolonged periods may lead to serious kidney problems, including kidney failure.

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New Delhi [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): In rarest of its kind, a paediatric surgery performed by doctors at a city-based hospital gave a new lease of life to a newborn, suffering from a life-threatening defect of the alimentary canal.

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Beware! Zika can be a reason for miscarriage

Updated: Feb 22, 2017 14:18 IST

Washington D.C. (USA), Feb. 22 (ANI): Beware to-be mothers! According to a recent study, Zika virus could lead to a greater risk of miscarriage in the early stage of pregnancy.

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Washington D.C. (USA), Feb. 22 (ANI): Women with a rare type of epithelial ovarian or peritoneum cancer, can now take sigh of relief.

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Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 22 (ANI): Now don't blame those chips and chocolates for you childs extra pounds, as a study says around 35-40 percent of a child's is inherited from their parents.

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Drinking too much may age arteries over time!

Updated: Feb 22, 2017 06:03 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 22 (ANI): Excessive boozing over the years might age arteries prematurely, especially in men, putting them at an increased risk for heart disease.

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Chronic knee pain may be treated online

Updated: Feb 21, 2017 06:41 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 21 (ANI): A study has found out that an online intervention, combining home exercise and pain-coping skills training, provided substantial clinical benefits for patients suffering from chronic knee pain.

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Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 21 (ANI): Only exercise is not enough to maintain that figure, which is an after effect of much toil and sweat!

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New Delhi [India], Feb. 20 (ANI): With rising life expectancy, increasingly sedentary lifestyles and surge in incidence of obesity, India is also witnessing a resultant rise in orthopedic problems as a natural corollary.

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Children inherit obesity from parents: Study

Updated: Feb 20, 2017 14:54 IST

Washington D.C. (USA), Feb. 20 (ANI): A study reveals that 35-40 percent of a child's 'Body Mass Index' - how fat or thin they are - is inherited from their parents.

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New Delhi [India], Feb 20. (ANI): Good news for all those lazy-headed not-really-a-cleanliness-freak out there! Scientists have found out that the obsession with hygiene could even be turning some beneficial bacteria found in the human gut into "endangered species".

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New Delhi [India], Feb 20. (ANI): In order to persuade someone to quit smoking, it is the 'emotions' that need to be triggered rather than inciting fear in an individual.

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No difference between good or bad diet: Study

Updated: Feb 20, 2017 05:54 IST

New Delhi [India], Feb 20. (ANI): Ever faced a choice between Brown and white bread?

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Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 19 (ANI): To boost sustainability of livestock production, a study finds that gene editing - one of the newest and most promising tools of biotechnology - enables animal breeders to make beneficial genetic changes, without bringing along unwanted genetic changes.

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People with ADHD may have smaller brain volume

Updated: Feb 19, 2017 07:09 IST

New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): In a latest study it has been found out that people diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have smaller brain volume than those without the disorder.

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New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): What if we tell you that scientists can actually slow down the process of ageing. Sounds too good to be true right?

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