Thu, Mar 23, 2017 | updated 07:46 PM IST

Low Vit. D level and risk of bladder cancer are interlinked

Updated: Nov 08, 2016 10:00 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Nov. 8 (ANI): A systematic review of seven studies say that lack of Vitamin D in human body is associated with an increased risk of developing bladder cancer.

Though further clinical studies are needed to confirm the findings, the study adds to a growing body of evidence on the importance of maintaining adequate Vitamin D levels.

Vitamin D, which is produced by the body through exposure to sunshine, helps the body control calcium and phosphate levels. Vitamin D can also be obtained from food sources such as fatty fish and egg yolks. Previous studies have linked vitamin D deficiency with a host of health problems including cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment, autoimmune conditions, and cancer.

In countries with low levels of sunlight, it is difficult to obtain enough vitamin D from food alone. In the UK, one in five adults is vitamin D deficient and three in five have low levels. This is especially prevalent in people with darker skin: in winter, 75 percent of dark-skinned people in the UK are vitamin D deficient.

In this work, researchers from the University of Warwick and University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire, Coventry and the investigated the link between vitamin D and bladder cancer risk. They reviewed seven studies on the topic which ranged from having 112 to 1125 participants each. Five out of the seven studies linked low vitamin D levels to an increased risk of bladder cancer.

In a separate experiment, the researchers then looked at the cells that line the bladder, known as transitional epithelial cells, and found that these cells are able to activate and respond to vitamin D, which in turn can stimulate an immune response.

According to lead author of the study Dr Rosemary Bland, this is important because the immune system may have a role in cancer prevention by identifying abnormal cells before they develop into cancer.

"More clinical studies are required to test this association, but our work suggests that low levels of vitamin D in the blood may prevent the cells within the bladder from stimulating an adequate response to abnormal cells," said Dr Bland. "As vitamin D is cheap and safe, its potential use in cancer prevention is exciting and could potentially impact on the lives of many people."

The study has been presented recently at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Brighton. (ANI)

London [UK], Mar. 23 (ANI): Want happy families? Then delay your decision to start a family, as a study suggests, children born to older mother experience have fewer behavioural, social and emotional problems.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 23 (ANI): For women, stay fit and maintain a healthy weight, as a study finds a higher waist-to-hip ratios increases the risk of ovarian cancer risk by more than a fifth.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 23 (ANI): A study finds that people who are born blind have heightened sense of hearing, smell and touch, suggesting that their brain "rewires" itself in the absence of visual information to boost other senses.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): For those suffering with age-related (degenerative) arthritis of the knee, a stage comes when all the reasonable non-operative options stops working.

Full Story >>

Hepatitis drug can help cut Ebola death rate

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 09:30 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): A class of drugs used to treat hepatitis and some forms of multiple sclerosis has shown promise in treating Ebola.

Full Story >>

Weekend surgery 'not riskier'

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 09:20 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): Day of the week has no impact on the survival chances of people undergoing emergency surgery, a new research has found.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): Despite existing prevention methods, transmission of infections with HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis or rubella from mother to child before and during birth as well as in infancy still occur across Europe.

Full Story >>

Changes in blood may spur Alzheimer's disease

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 07:29 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): A recent study has linked changes in the vascular system to Alzheimer's disease.

Full Story >>

Spraying onto broken hearts to heal them

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 06:45 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): A team of scientist has come up with a new method that may make the heart surgeries a history.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): With both tourism and casual "hookup" sex on the rise among college-age adults, there's an urgent need for gender-sensitive and age-appropriate sexual health campaigns that are tailored to young women's motivations for taking sexual risks while travelling, a new study has suggested.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): Now, detecting a mosquito-borne illness will be as easy as clicking a smartphone app - thanks to a team of scientists.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): A team of researchers has shed some light on how infections during pregnancy may interfere with the genes linked to prenatal brain development.

Full Story >>

Soon, a faster way to treat depression

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 16:02 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): A new and faster way to treat depression has come closer to reality - thanks to a team of scientists.

Full Story >>

All you need to know on Colorectal Cancer!

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 08:00 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): Colorectal cancer is also known as colon cancer, bowel cancer. It refers to a cancerous growth, lump or a tumour in the colon and the rectum. It is the second most common cancer, after adenocarcinoma.

Full Story >>

Prevent yourself from chronic kidney disease!

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 07:50 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): Each person normally has two kidneys, which are about the size of a fist and are located on either side of the spine at the level of waist.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 20 (ANI): In over-weight people, immune cells prevalent in the fatty tissue get reduced in number which may contribute to cause diabetes and hypertension, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 20 (ANI): A study finds that by combining two independent, scientifically-proven risk measurements, physicians can better predict a patient's irregular and often very fast heart rate risk of stroke or death.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 19 (ANI): According to a recent study, pulmonary embolism (PE) treatments have low rates of use across the United States.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 19 (ANI): An advanced form of image-guided radiation therapy, known as intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT), has shown early promise for the treatment of recurrent lung cancer.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 19 (ANI): Tennis elbow sufferers, if the idea of going under the knife is terrifying, then you can opt for non-operative approaches as a recent study has suggested that surgery may not offer additional benefit.

Full Story >>