Sun, Feb 19, 2017 | updated 10:09 PM IST

Diabetes can affect your vision- an eye-opening fact

Updated: Nov 12, 2016 09:14 IST
New Delhi [India] Nov. 12(ANI): In India, diabetes is spreading like an epidemic. More than 651 million people are struggling with this condition which is not even sparing children and young working adults.

In 2015, almost 415 million adults were living with diabetes and the number is predicted to escalate to 642 million by 2040 (International Diabetes Federation). Diabetes not only affects the overall health of the body but is a deadly threat to the eyesight.

Lack of awareness, delayed diagnosis, improper diabetic management and opting home remedies instead of medical treatment often leads to eye problems related to diabetes.

Ophthalmologist Dr. Saurabh Singh, iTek Vision Center, has stated that a very few people are aware of the fact that diabetes can cause vision loss or even complete blindness. Various conditions like Diabetic Retinopathy (DR), Diabetic Macular Edema (DME), cataract, and glaucoma etc. are caused by diabetes.

1. You May Develop Diabetic Retinopathy (DR): It is the most common condition caused due to diabetes that affects the eye and is considered as the main cause of blindness amongst working adults. The problem leads to changes in the retinal blood vessels causing bleeding, leakage of fluid and distorted vision. This condition generally goes unnoticed until vision loss starts. DR is most common among adults aged between 20-74 years. DR can be of three different types-

- Background Diabetic Retinopathy: Although, this doesn't affect your eyes but you need to pay special attention by conducting regular eye check-ups.

- Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy: Bleeding in the blood vessels of the area around retina can affect your vision.

- Diabetic Maculopathy: This may lead to a blurred central vision which is required for seeing fine details.

2. Diabetic Person is Highly Susceptible to Diabetic Macular Edema (DME): DME is a condition followed by Diabetic Retinopathy. If DM is untreated, it may develop pressure on the eye which causes swelling in the macula, inside the retina. DME is characterized by blurred vision, floaters, double vision; it might lead to complete blindness.

Generally, there are two types of DME-

- Focal DME: Due to abnormalities in the blood vessel.

- Diffuse DME: It is caused due to swelling of the retinal capillaries.

3. Beware of Cataract: Cataract may appear in early age among people suffering from diabetes. Characterized by the clouding of the eye lens, cataract is mainly caused due to increased glucose levels in the lens causing swelling.

Diabetic person can suffer from-

- Subcapsular Cataract: The condition originates at the back of the lens.

- Nuclear Cataract: It is related to aging and originate in the nucleus (center part) of the lens.

- Cortical Cataract: Starting from the periphery, cortical cataract affects the central part of the lens.

4. You are vulnerable to Glaucoma: The condition affects the optic nerve that transmits images to the brain, glaucoma is generally caused due to the pressure inside the eye. In severe cases, it might lead to a complete loss of vision. Blurred vision, eye pain, headaches, nausea, the appearance of rainbow colored circles in bright light are certain symptoms of glaucoma which should not be neglected.

Hence, Dr. Singh has come up with some tips to control vision loss due to diabetes.

Early detection, timely intervention and regular follow-up can delay the vision loss among people with diabetes.

- Control your blood glucose level and regularly take prescribed medications.

- Maintain a physically active life and try to control your blood pressure.

- A healthy diet can definitely delay vision related issues in diabetes.

- Go for a complete eye check-up, preferably comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year.

- Maintain an ideal body weight.

With World Diabetic Day round the corner, let's make a resolution to take good care of your health and don't let diabetes trigger your vision loss. (ANI)

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 19 (ANI): To boost sustainability of livestock production, a study finds that gene editing - one of the newest and most promising tools of biotechnology - enables animal breeders to make beneficial genetic changes, without bringing along unwanted genetic changes.

Full Story >>

People with ADHD may have smaller brain volume

Updated: Feb 19, 2017 07:09 IST

New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): In a latest study it has been found out that people diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have smaller brain volume than those without the disorder.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): What if we tell you that scientists can actually slow down the process of ageing. Sounds too good to be true right?

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): Lefty or righty? Well it was decided when you were still in your mum's womb!

Full Story >>

Dads-to be face greater risk of depression

Updated: Feb 19, 2017 06:53 IST

New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): Expecting a baby is always a joyous experience for both the mother and the father, however a latest study has found out that fathers-to-be can be at risk of depression symptoms if they feel stressed or are in poor health.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): Do you find it difficult hearing out people at a noisy bar or a restaurant even though you have passed the hearing test with flying colors? Well, you might be secretly deaf!

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb 19. (ANI): What if we told you that rice has the potential of carrying arsenic and is more than hazardous to feed it to infants!

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 18 (ANI): Now you can save your kid from surgery, as a study shows that antibiotics may be an effective treatment for acute non-complicated appendicitis in children, instead of surgery.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 18 (ANI): Attention new mommies, sing lullabies to your new born to feel more connected to your babies, suggests a study.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 18 (ANI): Cancer patients can improve their quality of life with just 30 minutes of walking, suggests a study.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 17 (ANI): Birth of a baby may be a sweet moment but changing life style of women is posing 'sweet' challenge to it.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 17 (ANI): Good news! A recent study shows that antibiotics may be an effective treatment for acute non-complicated appendicitis in children, instead of surgery.

Full Story >>

'Seagrass' can improve marine water quality

Updated: Feb 17, 2017 07:07 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 17 (ANI): Underwater flowering plants and seagrass meadows known to produce natural antibiotics, can also improve the water quality of sea by suppressing pollution, reveals a study.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 17 (ANI): Before undergoing hip replacements, knee replacements or hernia repairs, do not let depression or anxiety take a toll on your health, as a study finds, a patients' mental health may affect their risk of experiencing wound-related complications after surgery.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 17 (ANI): Configure the airflow velocity of your Air Conditioner to a comfortable sleeping environment, as a study reveals when airflow is directed at a human body at an insensible velocity, it may increase your heart rate and affect sleeping positions.

Full Story >>

London [UK], Feb. 17 (ANI): Consume a healthy dose of vitamin D supplements during winters, as a study finds that taking them may protect you from acute respiratory infections and flu.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 17 (ANI): As a saying, "beauty is skin deep" sounds fair, but in the real world where money is top priority, physical attractiveness might have a lot more prominence than just inner beauty.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 17 (ANI): We never decide first and then react in a situation, we react according to the present state of mind!

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb.16 (ANI): The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and CARE India's National Workshop on TB in Delhi focused on strengthening existing partnerships, involving more partners from private sector and civil society and an outcome-based roadmap to reduce TB burden in India

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Feb. 15, ANI: A study finds that changes in the size of mitochondria in a small subset of brain cells, may play a crucial role in safely maintaining blood sugar levels.

Full Story >>