Thu, Aug 17, 2017 | updated 03:32 AM IST

Surgeons devise non-invasive, cost effective treatment for epilepsy

Updated: Nov 16, 2016 12:47 IST      
Surgeons devise non-invasive, cost effective treatment for epilepsy

Kochi [India], Nov. 16 (ANI): Neurosurgeons at a Kochi hospital has devised a non-invasive and cheap treatment for epilepsy, considered to be the first time in India. The treatment, which involves eliminating epileptic focus through radiofrequency has found to be completely successful in a patient, who had severe epileptic seizures.

"The 31-year-old patient from Kannur in Kerala came to us with daily multiple epileptic seizures for the past over 15 years and was drug resistant and the only option was a surgery," said Dr. Siby Gopinath, Neurologist and Professor at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre at Kochi.

"As his MRI Brain did not show any definite lesion as the cause for epilepsy, we had to implant electrodes into the brain to record seizures and confirm the epileptic focus. Conventional implantation surgery entails opening the scalp and implanting electrodes in the brain," Dr. Gopinath told Indian Science Journal.

"Since the epileptic focus - the point on the brain from where the epilepsy waves are originating, was on the left side, near the insular region, very near the speech area, there was a risk of losing the speech faculty, we decided to go for ablating the affected tissues using radiofrequency."

Dr. Gopinath said, a team of neurosurgeons headed by Dr. Ashok Pillai at the Amrita Advanced Centre for Epilepsy, used the latest brain mapping technology - Stereo Electroencephalography (Stereo EEG) to record and capture the origin of fits and confirm the epileptic focus. Unlike conventional procedure, Stereo EEG involves inserting electrodes stereotactically through multiple pinholes on the scalp and can avoid an open brain surgery.

"This doesn't involve a major surgery or opening of the brain," said Dr. Gopinath. "The high frequency radio waves were then targeted to the epileptic focus and this high frequency heat precisely ablated the focus."

The whole procedure took only two hours and the patient was fully conscious and speaking throughout the procedure. He was discharged in two days and the cost of the procedure was just around Rs. 7,000/- compared to approximately one lakh for an open brain surgery, Dr. Gopinath added.

The patient, who had to discontinue his studies and later work as an electrician due to frequent seizures is now fully cured and would be able to resume normal life after a few follow-ups.

India has one-sixth of the global burden of epilepsy, with 12 out of every 1000 people affected and an annual increase of six per every ten thousand Indians. Of the 70 million persons with epilepsy worldwide, nearly 6 million are estimated to be in India.

Ironically, a sizeable number of epileptic patients in India do not receive any treatment. Lack of knowledge of anti-epileptic drugs, poverty, cultural beliefs, stigma, poor health infrastructure and shortage of trained professionals contribute to the treatment gap. There are just 18 centres currently in India that altogether perform 500 epilepsy surgeries, but the number of patients, who may require surgery is estimated to be around 3,00,000.(ANI)

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 16 (ANI): Older people receiving electric shock therapy, also known as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), to combat the blues of age will need an additional treatment if insomnia is one of their symptoms, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

A protein cocktail that helps mend a broken heart

Updated: Aug 15, 2017 12:54 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 15 (ANI): A team of researchers has uncovered a novel role for transcription factor Gata4 in reducing the post-heart attack fibrosis.

Full Story >>

You could be binge-watching your way to poor sleep

Updated: Aug 15, 2017 10:16 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 15 (ANI): Binge-watching may be fun, but it comes at a price, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Is diabetes cure right under our skin?

Updated: Aug 15, 2017 09:47 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 15 (ANI): The optimal location to treat type 1 diabetes (T1D) might be just under our skin, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Gautam Gambhir pledges to spread awareness for Organ Donation

Updated: Aug 14, 2017 06:08 IST     

New Delhi [India], August 14 (ANI): Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, in association and cricketer Gautam Gambhir, came together on the occasion of World Organ Donation Day to encourage people to take a pledge for donating organs to save countless lives.

Full Story >>

This memory trick may help older adults boost memory

Updated: Aug 13, 2017 15:42 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 13 (ANI): A team of researchers have revealed a helpful strategy that may help older adults improve their memory.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 13 (ANI): There are a large number of people still waiting for a transplant and it is a fact that these patients will succumb to their ailments due to an insufficient number of organ donors.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 13 (ANI): Every year, 90% people in need of a critical organ to save their life end up facing death due to unavailability of donors.

Full Story >>

New device can help you take more accurate BP readings

Updated: Aug 13, 2017 05:25 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 13 (ANI): A team of researchers has come up with a new device that could improve how systolic blood pressure (BP) is measured.

Full Story >>

E-cigarettes make your heart's ageing clock tick 'faster'

Updated: Aug 13, 2017 03:31 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 13 (ANI): A new study has suggested that a single exposure to e-cigarette vapour may be enough to impair vascular function.

Full Story >>

This monsoon, keep fungal infections at bay

Updated: Aug 12, 2017 14:42 IST     

New Delhi [India] August 12 (ANI): Monsoon has been here for a while now, but it's not just the muddy roads and never ending traffic, which is a matter of concern. Monsoon brings with it skin and fungal infection that can be downright uncomfortable for anyone.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 12 (ANI): There has been a significant increase in the incidence of lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, with low awareness about the cure and control status of ailments linked to it.

Full Story >>

Top 8 radiation sources at your home

Updated: Aug 12, 2017 06:15 IST      By: Pallavi Aman Singh

New Delhi [India], Aug 12 (ANI): That tower, outside your home should concern you and rightly so; but what about the materials and products sitting around your house that could be emitting radiation?

Full Story >>

Using only alternative therapy for cancer ups death risk

Updated: Aug 11, 2017 05:19 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 11 (ANI): Patients who choose to receive alternative therapy as treatment for curable cancers instead of conventional cancer treatment have a higher risk of death, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

When it comes to health, is any job better than no job?

Updated: Aug 11, 2017 03:21 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 11 (ANI): People employed in low paying or highly stressful jobs may not actually enjoy better health than those who remain unemployed, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Here's why you may want to stop judging your emotions

Updated: Aug 11, 2017 02:14 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 11 (ANI): Want to feel the sunshine? Embrace the cloudiness of your darker moods as according to a recent study, feeling bad about feeling bad can make you feel worse.

Full Story >>

You can literally lose sleep over being bullied

Updated: Aug 11, 2017 01:49 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 11 (ANI): A good night's sleep may be hard to come by if you are being bullied, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

New 'sleep switch' find paves way for better insomnia cure

Updated: Aug 11, 2017 01:48 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 11 (ANI): A team of researchers has discovered a switch outside the brain that can help insomniacs get their ZZZs back.

Full Story >>

Turns out, you can avoid becoming frail as you age

Updated: Aug 10, 2017 05:50 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 10 (ANI): Age-related frailty may be a treatable and preventable health problem, just like obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 10 (ANI): A recent study has linked antidepressant use with an increased risk of head injuries and traumatic brain injuries among persons with Alzheimer's disease.

Full Story >>