Sat, Aug 19, 2017 | updated 05:24 AM IST

Kochi surgeons devise a non-invasive, cost effective treatment for epilepsy

Updated: Nov 16, 2016 13:19 IST      
Kochi surgeons devise a non-invasive, cost effective treatment for epilepsy
Kochi [India], Nov.16 (ANI): Neurosurgeons at a Kochi hospital has devised a non-invasive and cheap treatment for epilepsy, considered to be the first time in India. The treatment, which involves eliminating epileptic focus through radiofrequency has found to be completely successful in a patient, who had severe epileptic seizures.

"The 31-year-old patient from Kannur in Kerala came to us with daily multiple epileptic seizures for the past over 15 years and was drug resistant and the only option was a surgery," said Dr. Siby Gopinath, Neurologist and Professor at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre at Kochi.

"As his MRI Brain did not show any definite lesion as the cause for epilepsy, we had to implant electrodes into the brain to record seizures and confirm the epileptic focus. Conventional implantation surgery entails opening the scalp and implanting electrodes in the brain," Dr. Gopinath told Indian Science Journal.

"Since the epileptic focus - the point on the brain from where the epilepsy waves are originating, was on the left side, near the insular region, very near the speech area, there was a risk of losing the speech faculty, we decided to go for ablating the affected tissues using radiofrequency."

Dr. Gopinath said, a team of neurosurgeons headed by Dr. Ashok Pillai at the Amrita Advanced Centre for Epilepsy, used the latest brain mapping technology - Stereo Electroencephalography (Stereo EEG) to record and capture the origin of fits and confirm the epileptic focus. Unlike conventional procedure, Stereo EEG involves inserting electrodes stereotactically through multiple pinholes on the scalp and can avoid an open brain surgery.

"This doesn't involve a major surgery or opening of the brain," said Dr. Gopinath. "The high frequency radio waves were then targeted to the epileptic focus and this high frequency heat precisely ablated the focus."

The whole procedure took only two hours and the patient was fully conscious and speaking throughout the procedure. He was discharged in two days and the cost of the procedure was just around Rs. 7,000 compared to approximately one lakh for an open brain surgery, Dr. Gopinath added.

The patient, who had to discontinue his studies and later work as an electrician due to frequent seizures is now fully cured and would be able to resume normal life after a few follow-ups.

India has one-sixth of the global burden of epilepsy, with 12 out of every 1000 people affected and an annual increase of six per every ten thousand Indians. Of the 70 million persons with epilepsy worldwide, nearly 6 million are estimated to be in India.

Ironically, a sizeable number of epileptic patients in India do not receive any treatment. Lack of knowledge of anti-epileptic drugs, poverty, cultural beliefs, stigma, poor health infrastructure and shortage of trained professionals contribute to the treatment gap. There are just 18 centres currently in India that altogether perform 500 epilepsy surgeries, but the number of patients, who may require surgery is estimated to be around 3,00,000. (ANI)

Sedentary urban life responsible for piles in youth

Updated: Aug 18, 2017 19:24 IST     

New Delhi [India], Aug 18 (ANI): Every year, almost 10 million people in India suffer from the pain of piles, a disease that is spreading fast due to stress, insomnia, constipation, and a growing inclination for fast food in the sedentary lifestyle of urbanites. Various studies suggest that every second individual in the world comes across piles at some point between 45 to 65 years of, and a large number of women experience piles (haemorrhoids) during pregnancy. The most alarming concern, however, is that teens and youths in their early twenties are also experiencing piles these days, and there is an urgent need to inculcate good food habits to combat the problem timely.

Full Story >>

All you need to know about Swine Flu

Updated: Aug 18, 2017 19:09 IST     

New Delhi [India], Aug 18 (ANI): Being a transferable disease, Swine Flu induces a panic in all of us whenever it infects even a single person. No one is invincible, but we can always practice better caution and cure.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 18 (ANI): Onco-surgeons at a Delhi-based hospital recently performed a highly risky and laborious surgery on a 39-year-old Russian patient, Emil Abdullaev.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 18 (ANI): The Joint Secretary of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoH&FW), Lav Aggarwal, gave a presentation on the National Policy for Treatment of Rare Diseases to Justice Manmohan in the Delhi High Court and highlighted the important aspects.

Full Story >>

Roving surgical robot to tour four key Andhra Pradesh cities

Updated: Aug 18, 2017 12:12 IST     

Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) [India], Aug.18 (ANI-Businesswire India): Cancer is a relentless disease. Damaging organs and tissues in its wake, cancer can be insidious in its onset, hiding malignant cells and tumours in the most unreachable parts of the body.

Full Story >>

Overuse of antibiotics may affect body's immune system: Study

Updated: Aug 18, 2017 07:18 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 18 (ANI): A word of caution! A new study has shown that overuse of anibiotics made neutrophils - a type of immune cell - less effective in fighting infections.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 18 (ANI): Beware! A study has recently warned that individuals with poor kidney function had an increased risk of developing infections acquired in the community - lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections and sepsis.

Full Story >>

Cloudy water risks your stomach health

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 12:53 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): A new study has linked cloudy drinking water, even if it's within the limits allowed by some cities, to increased cases of gastrointestinal illness.

Full Story >>

Soon, a 'powerful' pain reliever that could end opioid crisis

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 11:07 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): A team of scientists has discovered what they say is a powerful pain reliever that acts on a previously unknown pain pathway.

Full Story >>

Using e-cigarettes daily can help you 'kick the butt'

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 10:17 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): If you've been struggling to kick that cigarette addiction of yours, you may want to turn to the electronic version of butts as a recent study has suggested so.

Full Story >>

E-cigarette may help people quit smoking: Study

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 07:07 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): Good news! Vaping is safer, as a study recently reveals that adults who use e-cigarettes daily were three times more likely to quit cigarettes compared to those who have never tried e-cigarettes.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 16 (ANI): Older people receiving electric shock therapy, also known as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), to combat the blues of age will need an additional treatment if insomnia is one of their symptoms, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

A protein cocktail that helps mend a broken heart

Updated: Aug 15, 2017 12:54 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 15 (ANI): A team of researchers has uncovered a novel role for transcription factor Gata4 in reducing the post-heart attack fibrosis.

Full Story >>

You could be binge-watching your way to poor sleep

Updated: Aug 15, 2017 10:16 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 15 (ANI): Binge-watching may be fun, but it comes at a price, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Is diabetes cure right under our skin?

Updated: Aug 15, 2017 09:47 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 15 (ANI): The optimal location to treat type 1 diabetes (T1D) might be just under our skin, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Gautam Gambhir pledges to spread awareness for Organ Donation

Updated: Aug 14, 2017 06:08 IST     

New Delhi [India], August 14 (ANI): Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, in association and cricketer Gautam Gambhir, came together on the occasion of World Organ Donation Day to encourage people to take a pledge for donating organs to save countless lives.

Full Story >>

This memory trick may help older adults boost memory

Updated: Aug 13, 2017 15:42 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 13 (ANI): A team of researchers have revealed a helpful strategy that may help older adults improve their memory.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 13 (ANI): There are a large number of people still waiting for a transplant and it is a fact that these patients will succumb to their ailments due to an insufficient number of organ donors.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 13 (ANI): Every year, 90% people in need of a critical organ to save their life end up facing death due to unavailability of donors.

Full Story >>

New device can help you take more accurate BP readings

Updated: Aug 13, 2017 05:25 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 13 (ANI): A team of researchers has come up with a new device that could improve how systolic blood pressure (BP) is measured.

Full Story >>