Fri, Jun 23, 2017 | updated 09:19 PM IST

Kochi surgeons devise a non-invasive, cost effective treatment for epilepsy

Updated: Nov 16, 2016 13:19 IST      
Kochi surgeons devise a non-invasive, cost effective treatment for epilepsy
Kochi [India], Nov.16 (ANI): Neurosurgeons at a Kochi hospital has devised a non-invasive and cheap treatment for epilepsy, considered to be the first time in India. The treatment, which involves eliminating epileptic focus through radiofrequency has found to be completely successful in a patient, who had severe epileptic seizures.

"The 31-year-old patient from Kannur in Kerala came to us with daily multiple epileptic seizures for the past over 15 years and was drug resistant and the only option was a surgery," said Dr. Siby Gopinath, Neurologist and Professor at Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre at Kochi.

"As his MRI Brain did not show any definite lesion as the cause for epilepsy, we had to implant electrodes into the brain to record seizures and confirm the epileptic focus. Conventional implantation surgery entails opening the scalp and implanting electrodes in the brain," Dr. Gopinath told Indian Science Journal.

"Since the epileptic focus - the point on the brain from where the epilepsy waves are originating, was on the left side, near the insular region, very near the speech area, there was a risk of losing the speech faculty, we decided to go for ablating the affected tissues using radiofrequency."

Dr. Gopinath said, a team of neurosurgeons headed by Dr. Ashok Pillai at the Amrita Advanced Centre for Epilepsy, used the latest brain mapping technology - Stereo Electroencephalography (Stereo EEG) to record and capture the origin of fits and confirm the epileptic focus. Unlike conventional procedure, Stereo EEG involves inserting electrodes stereotactically through multiple pinholes on the scalp and can avoid an open brain surgery.

"This doesn't involve a major surgery or opening of the brain," said Dr. Gopinath. "The high frequency radio waves were then targeted to the epileptic focus and this high frequency heat precisely ablated the focus."

The whole procedure took only two hours and the patient was fully conscious and speaking throughout the procedure. He was discharged in two days and the cost of the procedure was just around Rs. 7,000 compared to approximately one lakh for an open brain surgery, Dr. Gopinath added.

The patient, who had to discontinue his studies and later work as an electrician due to frequent seizures is now fully cured and would be able to resume normal life after a few follow-ups.

India has one-sixth of the global burden of epilepsy, with 12 out of every 1000 people affected and an annual increase of six per every ten thousand Indians. Of the 70 million persons with epilepsy worldwide, nearly 6 million are estimated to be in India.

Ironically, a sizeable number of epileptic patients in India do not receive any treatment. Lack of knowledge of anti-epileptic drugs, poverty, cultural beliefs, stigma, poor health infrastructure and shortage of trained professionals contribute to the treatment gap. There are just 18 centres currently in India that altogether perform 500 epilepsy surgeries, but the number of patients, who may require surgery is estimated to be around 3,00,000. (ANI)

Take these measures to keep oral cancer at bay

Updated: Jun 23, 2017 16:04 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 23 (ANI): Oral Cancer is one of the most prevalent forms of cancer in India. Evidence suggests that India bears the largest burden of oral cancers in the world, with an incidence of around 11.28 percent in Indian men.

Full Story >>

Don't eat but sleep, to beat office blues!

Updated: Jun 23, 2017 10:59 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], June 23 (ANI): Stressful day at work leads to binge-eating at night. A new study suggests a good night's sleep can serve as a protecting factor between job stress and unhealthy eating in the evening.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], June 23 (ANI): According to a recent clinical trial, intensive blood pressure lowering benefits patients with chronic kidney disease.

Full Story >>

New Delhi, [India], June 22 (ANI): J K Organization, in collaboration with Pushpawati Singhania Hospital and Research Institute Multispecialty Hospital, organized a two-day blood donation camp in New Delhi to collect 4043 units of blood.

Full Story >>

Can your blood group predict heart attack risk?

Updated: Jun 22, 2017 13:12 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 22 (ANI): India is presently witnessing nearly two million heart attacks annually. A heart attack (clinically known as myocardial infarction) is the permanent damage or death of the heart muscles due to lack of oxygen-rich blood. According to reports, heart attack kills one person in every 33 seconds in our country.

Full Story >>

Deficits in attention linked to increased alcohol use

Updated: Jun 22, 2017 13:02 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], June 22 (ANI): Finding it hard to multi-task? Your frequency of alcohol use could be a reason.

Full Story >>

Healing garden at your place: Homoeopathy speaks

Updated: Jun 22, 2017 13:01 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 22 (ANI): One always aspires to be fit and healthy without taking any medicine. If there will be no stress, infections or any other disturbances, there will be no chance of getting ill. But the real world is exactly opposite. There is no life without challenges.

Full Story >>

Looking for stone removal procedure?

Updated: Jun 22, 2017 11:48 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 22 (ANI): Kidneys help in detoxifying and filtering impurities from the blood. They help us excrete excess toxins and excess water through urine.

Full Story >>

Lack Vitamin D? Your job could be a reason

Updated: Jun 22, 2017 09:35 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], June 22 (ANI): Stuck behind your office desk for most part of the day? Your nine-to-five job could be a major factor that puts you at high risk of Vitamin D deficiency.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Jun 21 (ANI): In a major breakthrough in kidney transplant, a team of doctors has conducted an ABO incompatible kidney transplant on the youngest child in SAARC region.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], June 21 (ANI): The proverb early to bed and early to rise makes man healthy, wealthy and wise, rightly explains a recent study, as it suggests people who sleep after 3 a.m. at night have lower perceived control of obsessive thoughts.

Full Story >>

Exhaustion of immune cells linked to irritable bowel syndrome

Updated: Jun 21, 2017 12:50 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], June 21 (ANI): Australian researchers have recently discovered that exhaustion of the immune system is linked to a specific type of an intestinal disorder causing pain in the stomach, wind, diarrhea and constipation.

Full Story >>

Nerves from foot used to restore vision of 60-year-old

Updated: Jun 19, 2017 19:58 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 19 (ANI): In a first of its kind surgery, a hospital in Mumbai used nerves from the foot of a partially blind 60-year-old woman to help her restore her vision.

Full Story >>

Now, it's easier to blunt sickle cell disease

Updated: Jun 19, 2017 16:28 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 19 (ANI): As population of sickle cell poses a formidable challenge, odds have dramatically lessened in its treatment.

Full Story >>

ASSOCHAM highlights shortage of yoga instructors in India

Updated: Jun 19, 2017 13:56 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 19 (ANI): Despite the growing awareness regarding the benefits gained by doing yoga, a paper authored by ASSOCHAM Social Development Foundation revealed that India faces a shortage of over three lakh yoga instructors.

Full Story >>

What makes patients go against medical advice?

Updated: Jun 19, 2017 12:19 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Jun 19 (ANI): A new study has revealed the certain factors that are linked with a person's decision to leave the hospital against the advice of his or her care provider.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Jun 19 (ANI): Getting jabbed with tiny needles in emergency departments is as safe and effective as popping painkillers for some patients, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Ebola vaccine comes closer to reality

Updated: Jun 19, 2017 11:34 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Jun 19 (ANI): The world may soon get a vaccine against the deadly Ebola virus.

Full Story >>

Self-medication misuse looming large in Middle East

Updated: Jun 19, 2017 10:37 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Jun 19 (ANI): There is a massive problem of self-medication misuse in the Middle East, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Jun 19 (ANI): With many Americans undergoing needless thyroid biopsies, a team of experts has framed new clinical guidelines that would go a long way toward curbing the problem.

Full Story >>