Sat, Aug 19, 2017 | updated 05:25 AM IST

Cheer up mothers as depression affects your child's brain development

Updated: Nov 16, 2016 15:20 IST      
Cheer up mothers as depression affects your child's brain development

Washington D.C. [USA], Nov. 16 (ANI): Depression during pregnancy affects the child's brain development at critical stages in life, says a study published in Biological Psychiatry.

Depressive symptoms in women during and after pregnancy are associated with reduced thickness of the cortex - the outer layer of the brain responsible for complex thought and behavior -- in preschool-age kids.

"Mothers generally want to do everything they can to give their offspring the best possible chance of success in life. They often make sure to eat well and to take special vitamins," said John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry.

"This new study now suggests that another thing they may be able to do is to make sure that they are treated for their depression."

Eighteen percent of women experience depression some time during pregnancy, and both perinatal and postpartum depression have been associated with negative outcomes in children. The new study, led by Catherine Lebel of the University of Calgary in Alberta, is the first to report associations between maternal depression and abnormal brain structure in kids at this age.

The researchers screened 52 women for depressive symptoms during each trimester of pregnancy and a few months after the child was born. The women ranged in the presence of symptoms, some with no or few symptoms, and some meeting the screening criteria for depression. When the children reached about two-and-a-half-years to five years old, the researchers used magnetic resonance imaging to measure their brain structure.

Women with higher depressive symptoms tend to have children with thinner frontal and temporal areas, cortical regions implicated in tasks involving inhibition and attention control. The researchers also found an association between depressive symptoms and abnormal white matter in the frontal area, the fiber tracts connecting the region to other areas in the brain.

These associations were only found when symptoms occurred during the second trimester and postpartum, suggesting these periods are particularly critical times for child brain development.

Cortical thinning is a normal aspect of brain development during early childhood, Lebel says the findings suggest that the brain may be developing prematurely in children whose mothers experience more depressive symptoms.

Abnormalities in brain structure during critical periods in development have often been associated with negative outcomes, such as learning disabilities and behavioral disorders. Additionally, the brain structure abnormalities identified in this study reflect those found in children with depression or at high risk for developing the disorder, suggesting that these alterations may be why children of mothers with perinatal depression are more vulnerable to depression later in life.

Although the mechanism behind the association remains a mystery, the findings may have implications for minimizing risks of atypical brain development in children.

"Our findings underscore the importance of monitoring and supporting mental health in mothers not just in the postpartum period, but also during pregnancy," says Lebel. (ANI)

Sedentary urban life responsible for piles in youth

Updated: Aug 18, 2017 19:24 IST     

New Delhi [India], Aug 18 (ANI): Every year, almost 10 million people in India suffer from the pain of piles, a disease that is spreading fast due to stress, insomnia, constipation, and a growing inclination for fast food in the sedentary lifestyle of urbanites. Various studies suggest that every second individual in the world comes across piles at some point between 45 to 65 years of, and a large number of women experience piles (haemorrhoids) during pregnancy. The most alarming concern, however, is that teens and youths in their early twenties are also experiencing piles these days, and there is an urgent need to inculcate good food habits to combat the problem timely.

Full Story >>

All you need to know about Swine Flu

Updated: Aug 18, 2017 19:09 IST     

New Delhi [India], Aug 18 (ANI): Being a transferable disease, Swine Flu induces a panic in all of us whenever it infects even a single person. No one is invincible, but we can always practice better caution and cure.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 18 (ANI): Onco-surgeons at a Delhi-based hospital recently performed a highly risky and laborious surgery on a 39-year-old Russian patient, Emil Abdullaev.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 18 (ANI): The Joint Secretary of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoH&FW), Lav Aggarwal, gave a presentation on the National Policy for Treatment of Rare Diseases to Justice Manmohan in the Delhi High Court and highlighted the important aspects.

Full Story >>

Roving surgical robot to tour four key Andhra Pradesh cities

Updated: Aug 18, 2017 12:12 IST     

Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) [India], Aug.18 (ANI-Businesswire India): Cancer is a relentless disease. Damaging organs and tissues in its wake, cancer can be insidious in its onset, hiding malignant cells and tumours in the most unreachable parts of the body.

Full Story >>

Overuse of antibiotics may affect body's immune system: Study

Updated: Aug 18, 2017 07:18 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 18 (ANI): A word of caution! A new study has shown that overuse of anibiotics made neutrophils - a type of immune cell - less effective in fighting infections.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 18 (ANI): Beware! A study has recently warned that individuals with poor kidney function had an increased risk of developing infections acquired in the community - lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections and sepsis.

Full Story >>

Cloudy water risks your stomach health

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 12:53 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): A new study has linked cloudy drinking water, even if it's within the limits allowed by some cities, to increased cases of gastrointestinal illness.

Full Story >>

Soon, a 'powerful' pain reliever that could end opioid crisis

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 11:07 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): A team of scientists has discovered what they say is a powerful pain reliever that acts on a previously unknown pain pathway.

Full Story >>

Using e-cigarettes daily can help you 'kick the butt'

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 10:17 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): If you've been struggling to kick that cigarette addiction of yours, you may want to turn to the electronic version of butts as a recent study has suggested so.

Full Story >>

E-cigarette may help people quit smoking: Study

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 07:07 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): Good news! Vaping is safer, as a study recently reveals that adults who use e-cigarettes daily were three times more likely to quit cigarettes compared to those who have never tried e-cigarettes.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 16 (ANI): Older people receiving electric shock therapy, also known as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), to combat the blues of age will need an additional treatment if insomnia is one of their symptoms, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

A protein cocktail that helps mend a broken heart

Updated: Aug 15, 2017 12:54 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 15 (ANI): A team of researchers has uncovered a novel role for transcription factor Gata4 in reducing the post-heart attack fibrosis.

Full Story >>

You could be binge-watching your way to poor sleep

Updated: Aug 15, 2017 10:16 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 15 (ANI): Binge-watching may be fun, but it comes at a price, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Is diabetes cure right under our skin?

Updated: Aug 15, 2017 09:47 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 15 (ANI): The optimal location to treat type 1 diabetes (T1D) might be just under our skin, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Gautam Gambhir pledges to spread awareness for Organ Donation

Updated: Aug 14, 2017 06:08 IST     

New Delhi [India], August 14 (ANI): Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, in association and cricketer Gautam Gambhir, came together on the occasion of World Organ Donation Day to encourage people to take a pledge for donating organs to save countless lives.

Full Story >>

This memory trick may help older adults boost memory

Updated: Aug 13, 2017 15:42 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 13 (ANI): A team of researchers have revealed a helpful strategy that may help older adults improve their memory.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 13 (ANI): There are a large number of people still waiting for a transplant and it is a fact that these patients will succumb to their ailments due to an insufficient number of organ donors.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 13 (ANI): Every year, 90% people in need of a critical organ to save their life end up facing death due to unavailability of donors.

Full Story >>

New device can help you take more accurate BP readings

Updated: Aug 13, 2017 05:25 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 13 (ANI): A team of researchers has come up with a new device that could improve how systolic blood pressure (BP) is measured.

Full Story >>