Thu, May 25, 2017 | updated 11:49 PM IST

Cheer up mothers as depression affects your child's brain development

Updated: Nov 16, 2016 15:20 IST      
Cheer up mothers as depression affects your child's brain development

Washington D.C. [USA], Nov. 16 (ANI): Depression during pregnancy affects the child's brain development at critical stages in life, says a study published in Biological Psychiatry.

Depressive symptoms in women during and after pregnancy are associated with reduced thickness of the cortex - the outer layer of the brain responsible for complex thought and behavior -- in preschool-age kids.

"Mothers generally want to do everything they can to give their offspring the best possible chance of success in life. They often make sure to eat well and to take special vitamins," said John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry.

"This new study now suggests that another thing they may be able to do is to make sure that they are treated for their depression."

Eighteen percent of women experience depression some time during pregnancy, and both perinatal and postpartum depression have been associated with negative outcomes in children. The new study, led by Catherine Lebel of the University of Calgary in Alberta, is the first to report associations between maternal depression and abnormal brain structure in kids at this age.

The researchers screened 52 women for depressive symptoms during each trimester of pregnancy and a few months after the child was born. The women ranged in the presence of symptoms, some with no or few symptoms, and some meeting the screening criteria for depression. When the children reached about two-and-a-half-years to five years old, the researchers used magnetic resonance imaging to measure their brain structure.

Women with higher depressive symptoms tend to have children with thinner frontal and temporal areas, cortical regions implicated in tasks involving inhibition and attention control. The researchers also found an association between depressive symptoms and abnormal white matter in the frontal area, the fiber tracts connecting the region to other areas in the brain.

These associations were only found when symptoms occurred during the second trimester and postpartum, suggesting these periods are particularly critical times for child brain development.

Cortical thinning is a normal aspect of brain development during early childhood, Lebel says the findings suggest that the brain may be developing prematurely in children whose mothers experience more depressive symptoms.

Abnormalities in brain structure during critical periods in development have often been associated with negative outcomes, such as learning disabilities and behavioral disorders. Additionally, the brain structure abnormalities identified in this study reflect those found in children with depression or at high risk for developing the disorder, suggesting that these alterations may be why children of mothers with perinatal depression are more vulnerable to depression later in life.

Although the mechanism behind the association remains a mystery, the findings may have implications for minimizing risks of atypical brain development in children.

"Our findings underscore the importance of monitoring and supporting mental health in mothers not just in the postpartum period, but also during pregnancy," says Lebel. (ANI)

Washington D.C. [USA], May 25 (ANI): A study, presented at EuroCMR, says that chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy react more on men than women.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI): Envisioning a leap in emergency care, Aster DM Healthcare on Thursday launched its most novel and unique concept, the 'Aster Emergency' app, which will offer real-time interface between the patient in emergency and a GPS-enabled Aster 'Responder'.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI-BusinessWireIndia): Everyuth Naturals, a pioneer and a leading skincare brand known for its natural ingredients and effective products has announced the re-launch of its flagship product in the face wash category with-the new improved Everyuth Tulsi Turmeric Face Wash.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI): A Sutureless Valve Replacement surgery was recently performed on a 78 year old patient by Global Hospitals, Mumbai.

Full Story >>

Suicide rates among people with autism on rise

Updated: May 25, 2017 11:26 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 25 (ANI): According to a recent study, suicide rates among autism patients have reached 'worryingly' high levels.

Full Story >>

Unhappy, less aware youth prone to alcohol addiction

Updated: May 25, 2017 10:36 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 25 (ANI): Making youth aware of the harms of smoking and drinking could help them steer away from alcohol and cigarettes, suggests a recent study.

Full Story >>

London [UK], May 24 (ANI): Sleep is the easiest thing to forego by hardworking individuals. What we don't realize is, when sleep fails, one's health declines along with the quality of life.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): According to a recent study, adequate levels of Vitamin D combined with good sleep can help you manage chronic arthritis and back pain.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): You might consider yourself to be a recreational user but could be further along the road to drug addiction than you might have realized, a study suggests.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): A recent study shows a multi-protein biomarker blood test to detect breast cancer can potentially reduce use of biopsy up to 67percent.

Full Story >>

Childhood obesity results in early onset of arthritis

Updated: May 24, 2017 09:32 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 7 (ANI): Obesity, which is assuming epidemic proportions among children, is proving too much on their delicate bones and joints.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): A team of researchers has found that intestinal fungi, chronic liver damage, increase risk of death for the people with alcohol-related liver disease.

Full Story >>

Here's what dentists can tell about your health

Updated: May 23, 2017 16:46 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): A recent study has found that by using medical and dental records, researchers can identify what is the cause of disease and how the patients with certain diseases will respond to surgery, medication or other interventions.

Full Story >>

Trying to lose weight? Dieting may not help

Updated: May 23, 2017 15:08 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): Dieting has a little effect on losing weight, as a study finds that brain cells act as a trigger to prevent us burning calories when food is scarce.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): A study finds that late middle-aged people, with a family history and longer version of mitochondrial gene, encountered twice as much memory loss up to 10 years later as someone with a family history and a short version of the gene.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 22 (ANI): Global nutrition company Herbalife Nutrition undertook a survey on balanced nutrition in 12 markets across Asia Pacific and surveyed more than 6,000 consumers to understand eating habits, exercise and lifestyle habits among them.

Full Story >>

New device could detect inflammation in lungs

Updated: May 22, 2017 15:23 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 22 (ANI): To improve the management of asthma and other respiratory diseases, researchers have created a graphene-based sensor that could lead to earlier detection of looming asthma attacks.

Full Story >>

Clinical trial gives hope to lung disease patients

Updated: May 22, 2017 13:13 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 22 (ANI): A 'game changing' clinical trial has given hope to patients with severe lung disease.

Full Story >>

Even moderate drinking may not keep heart disease at bay

Updated: May 22, 2017 12:29 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 22 (ANI): If you feel having a glass of wine with dinner or moderately consuming any kind of alcohol is going to save you from heart disease, then you might have to think over it again!

Full Story >>

You may blame the polluted air for disrupted sleep!

Updated: May 22, 2017 11:43 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 22 (ANI): If you are not having a sound sleep, then there might be fault in the air!

Full Story >>