Thu, May 25, 2017 | updated 02:25 PM IST

Military should address gender stereotypes, while integrating combat roles: study

Updated: Sep 01, 2016 15:02 IST      
Military should address gender stereotypes, while integrating combat roles: study

Washington D.C. [USA], Sept. 1 (ANI): Even though the United States Secretary of Defense Ash Carter earlier this year formally opened all combat jobs to women, two University of Kansas researchers say the U.S. military needs to work on changing significant cultural aspects to fully integrate women in the armed forces.

"The challenging work begins during policy implementation, which includes breaking down assumptions that are part of leadership within the organization and working on shifting the mindset of the military," said researcher Alesha Doan.

"Ultimately we argue that the military should consider implementing training that directly addresses the pervasive stereotypes and cultural understandings of gender," Doan added.

Based on 28 focus groups, they interviewed 198 soldiers and conducted surveys with 1,701 men and 214 women all involved in jobs with the U.S. Army Special Forces, an elite component of Special Operations Command commonly known as the Green Berets.

The research was conducted from October 2013 to February 2014 at Fort Bragg in North Carolina and Fort Leavenworth in Kansas.

Female participants in the study came from units that all serve as support for Special Forces when they are deployed.

For example, Civil Affairs personnel focus on engaging with local populations and building strategic connections with local leaders.

The researchers found that ascribed gender identity was fluid for female soldiers and static for male soldiers.

Many female soldiers reported being scrutinized due to their gender by fellow male soldiers, based on stereotypes about their job performance, while populations outside the United States they worked with on deployment tended not to do so.

Male soldiers, though, still acted to reinforce strict gender hierarchies.

The researchers said these attitudes could cause military leaders to rely on assumptions and hypothetical scenarios to guide certain decisions on gendered policies and practices rather than evidence-based reasoning.

The researchers said military men are often positioned as gatekeepers to women's acceptance within Special Forces specifically because men still hold a majority of the leadership positions throughout the military, and traditionally leaders' experiences have mirrored the identity and experience of soldiers coming after them. But with recent changes, that is often no longer the case.

"It is important for leaders to recognize and understand perspectives and experiences from vantage points other than their own," Doan said.

Most of the military's gender integration occurs at the unit level, the researchers acknowledged, so male soldiers can create an environment that is either hostile and excluding of women or not.

In revamping how the military trains soldiers to address underlying assumptions of male soldiers, leaders could look to how women soldiers were viewed overseas as a potential point to emphasize.

Through deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan, many female participants in the study mentioned their experiences of accessing women in the Middle East and how indigenous people there often see them as Americans and soldiers first instead of a woman first.

The study has been published in Sex Roles. (ANI)

Brooks Brothers now just a 'CLiQ' away

Updated: May 25, 2017 14:14 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI): Checking out the latest collection and buying them will now be on your finger tip as American clothing brand Brooks Brothers is now just a click away.

Full Story >>

Nighthawks 'super productive' later in afternoon: Study

Updated: May 25, 2017 13:50 IST     

London [UK], May 25 (ANI): While some workers find themselves at their productive best in the morning, others find it extremely hard to concentrate before afternoon.

Full Story >>

Let your baby bask in summer's glory!

Updated: May 25, 2017 13:33 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI): The hot and humid months are here. Brisk winds, sweaty skin and dryness make the weather simply unbearable for adults and kids.

Full Story >>

This summer, be smart and cook healthy!

Updated: May 25, 2017 13:23 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI): As summer is at its full swing, any compromise with your diet can be a ghastly mistake.

Full Story >>

Good news! Chocolate is good for your heart!

Updated: May 25, 2017 13:12 IST     

London [UK], May 25 (ANI): All you chocolate lovers rejoice, if any one makes you feel guilty next time for having it, tell them: According to a new study chocolate may be good for your heart.

Full Story >>

Not just looks, your scent and voice make you attractive

Updated: May 25, 2017 11:42 IST     

Atlanta [US], May 25 (ANI): The right voice and scent play an equally important role in making you appear attractive than just good looks, highlights a mini review in Frontiers in Psychology.

Full Story >>

I see what you don't see

Updated: May 25, 2017 07:28 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 25 (ANI): Turns out, we only see what we've learned to see.

Full Story >>

Don't blame airline mergers for travel snafus

Updated: May 25, 2017 07:27 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 25 (ANI): From lost bags to flight delays and reservation headaches, when it comes to travel snafus, the blame is usually put on the airline mergers, but according to a recent study, you may want to rethink that.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 25 (ANI): According to a recent study, parents should avoid giving fruit juice to kids in the first year of their life.

Full Story >>

Why you should swap punishing workouts for happy feet

Updated: May 25, 2017 07:26 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 25 (ANI): Sticking with a fitness routine is not always easy and now, a team of researchers has shed some light on why we wimp out on workouts and how we can make more lasting changes.

Full Story >>

Strict bedtime can help your kid get sufficient sleep

Updated: May 24, 2017 17:27 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): Parents, you may want to set a strict bedtime for your kids as it has emerged as by far the best way to make sure they get the sleep they need on weekdays.

Full Story >>

How effective is your sunscreen?

Updated: May 24, 2017 17:27 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): Sunscreen is of utmost importance to protect your skin from the harmful rays of the sun. With a whole myriad of advertisements flashing on the screens on a daily basis, consumers struggle to choose which products are the safest.

Full Story >>

Soon, spinach that will make more than Popeye stronger

Updated: May 24, 2017 16:35 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): "I'm strong to the finich, 'cause I eats me spinach!" said Popeye the Sailor Man, who knew that guzzling cans of this nutritious and delicious leafy green worked.

Full Story >>

'Sperm radar' test: Uncover the secrets of male infertility

Updated: May 24, 2017 11:40 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 7 (ANI): In today's world, when infertility is an issue that many deal with, a study finds a new technique to examine human sperm count, without killing them.

Full Story >>

Here's why it's time to rethink nutrition labelling

Updated: May 24, 2017 08:25 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): A recent study has revealed that the health effects of a particular food product cannot be determined on the basis on the individual protein, fat and fibre content, instead it should be evaluated with other item eaten at the same time.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): Drinking even one small alcoholic beverage a day can up your breast cancer risk, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Turns out, sexting isn't a gateway to sex

Updated: May 24, 2017 07:26 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 24 (ANI): It may be considered as the new 'first base,' but according to a recent study, there's not much to worry about sexting.

Full Story >>

Street Food Festival: Treat yourself to some Ancient Barbeque this weekend

Updated: May 23, 2017 19:06 IST      By: Pallavi Aman Singh

New Delhi [India], May 23 (ANI): Hungry for street food, Delhi? Get ready for an exciting culinary journey as The Ancient Barbeque is bringing a diverse swath of delicacies this weekend.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): Turns out, the cultural backgrounds of the media organizations affect the coverage of international events.

Full Story >>

US trans surgeries jumped nearly 20% in one year

Updated: May 23, 2017 17:18 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 23 (ANI): Gender confirmation surgeries are on the rise in the United States, according to a newly released data.

Full Story >>