Fri, Aug 18, 2017 | updated 06:52 AM IST

Babies whose fathers were killed in 1st World War have shortened adult life expectancies

Updated: Sep 13, 2016 07:30 IST      
Babies whose fathers were killed in 1st World War have shortened adult life expectancies

Washington D.C. [USA], Sept. 13 (ANI): According to a recent research, French children born between 1914 and 1916, whose fathers were killed or severely injured during the first World War, lost approximately one year of adult life expectancy.

The findings have furthered the understanding of the long-term effects of maternal psychological stress on children.

Some hypotheses state that much of the susceptibility to diseases in adulthood may stem from very early life experiences. Of particular interest are negative early life experiences, usually called early life adversities (ELAs).

These encompass both nutritional and psychological stresses; the effects of early life exposure to famine have been extensively studied through other natural experiments, such as the Dutch famine of 1944 or the Chinese famine of 1959. However, a lack of adequate historical data has so far made it difficult to assess the potential long-term consequences of psychological ELAs in natural experiments.

To investigate ELAs further, a team of French researchers from Inserm used newly-accessible historical databases to identify over 4,000 children born between 1914 and 1916 whose fathers were either killed or severely injured during World War One (WW1). Both of these groups are considered to have suffered ELAs. Of those children identified who had lost their father, the team also determined whether the death occurred after their birth, or whilst they were in the womb. Each individual was matched with a "control" of the same sex, age of mother, and date and district of birth.

The researchers found that all of those who experienced ELA suffered an increased mortality in adulthood, losing an average of one year of adult life expectancy compared to controls. The decrease in adult life expectancy was greater for those whose father had been killed whilst their mother was pregnant - a median of 2.2 years shorter than controls.

"The next step in the study will be to determine the cause of death for those having suffered ELA. This will shed light on the mechanisms involved." said lead researcher Nicolas Todd.

"We know that deregulation of the stress response is commonly found on animal models of ELAs, so it will be interesting to see if any evidence of this can be seen in the causes of death in the French cohort. It may give us further insight into the long-term effects of ELA," added Todd.

As inducing early life adversity in humans presents obvious ethical barriers, natural experiments such as World War- I are crucial pieces of evidence. The study is the first of its kind, and serves to strengthen our insights into the effects maternal stress can have on unborn and newborn children.

The research was presented today at the 55th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology. (ANI)

New Delhi [India], August 17 (ANI): 13-year-old Chahek Ladhani is one of the youngest Indians to represent the country in the 18th edition of Cracovia Danza festival in Krakow, Poland. Chahek and ten other students of 'Alkananda Institute of Performing arts' had participated alongside participants from 45 countries showcasing their culture.

Full Story >>

Food lovers, head to Cha Bar for its latest offerings!

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 18:30 IST     

New Delhi [India], August 17 (ANI): Cha Bar, Delhi's most popular and frequented Tea Cafe has introduced its latest offerings, extending it's much loved menu.

Full Story >>

Here are a few remedies for erectile dysfunction

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 18:17 IST     

New Delhi [India], August 17 (ANI): Thousands years ago, our ancestors had discovered some exceptionally useful medical and healing techniques to gift superior health, wisdom and quality of life to the mankind.

Full Story >>

Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India], August 17 (ANI): Day two of the ongoing Lakme Fashion Week, which showcased sustainable fashion by Indian as well as international labels, witnessed the performance of one of the youngest voices of India Akasa Singh.

Full Story >>

Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India], August 17 (ANI): The 24th batch of five Gen Next designers presented by INIFD was a creative display of talent and fashion, at the opening show during Lakme Fashion Week Winter/Festive 2017.

Full Story >>

Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India], August 17 (ANI): Lakme Fashion Week Winter/Festive 2017 kicked off on August 16 with key designers such as Ritu Kumar, Masaba and Sanjay Garg presenting their collections on Day one.

Full Story >>

LFW 2017: Know inspiration behind designers' collection

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 14:19 IST     

Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India], August 17 (ANI): Lakme Fashion Week has always been one of the most anticipated events where top notch fashion designers showcase their collection.

Full Story >>

Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India], August 17 (ANI): Etihad Airways and Lakme Fashion Week recently announced a collaboration with one of the most inspiring international contemporary designers, Paris-based Manish Arora, who returns to the prestigious Mumbai fashion event after more than five years.

Full Story >>

Art lover? Here's a treat for you

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 13:20 IST     

New Delhi [India], August 17 (ANI): Artworks by eminent artists such as Tyeb Mehta, VS Gaitonde, Manjit Bawa, Jogen Chowdhury, SH Razaamongst others are set to come under the hammer during Astaguru's'Modern & Contemporary Indian art auction'.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): Turns out, those artificial lights at night have a dark side.

Full Story >>

Why you may want to stop telling people to 'down' booze

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 10:26 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): Turns out, campaigns designed to stop young people downing alcoholic drinks in one go aka "bolting" don't really help as according to a recent study, telling people not to "down" booze can make them more likely to do it.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): Is it "too early" to eat? Is there no time before school? Your children may be putting themselves at risk of malnutrition by skipping breakfast.

Full Story >>

Is your wife a Spendthrift?

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 07:22 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): Dear husbands, if your wives are spendthrift then you may have to communicate about finances, especially early in marriage to avoid financial and marriage conflicts, warns a study.

Full Story >>

Did you know depression overshadows past as well as present?

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 07:21 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): While it is known that people with depression see their present and future life enveloped in grief, however, a study has recently found that it also casts a long shadow over people's memories of the past.

Full Story >>

Eat walnuts to control hunger: Study

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 07:08 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): Eating walnuts is always beneficial, as a study recently has found out that consuming walnuts daily may activate an area in your brain which decreases hunger.

Full Story >>

Raise in minimum wage reduces child neglect cases

Updated: Aug 17, 2017 07:06 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 17 (ANI): Money matters! As a study recently revealed that increase in the income can improve children welfare, especially of school-age and toddlers.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], August 16 (ANI): India's ascendancy in the international art world sees no sign of abating and eminent artist, philanthropist and sculptor Rouble Nagi is gearing up to do what she does best.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 16 (ANI): Learning activities at home in the early years of a kid's life make an important difference to their achievement in school, a recent study has found.

Full Story >>

Social environment too affects gender behaviours

Updated: Aug 16, 2017 13:18 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 16 (ANI): If you have particularly masculine or feminine traits, chances are you got them from the people around you.

Full Story >>

Learn more about 'distracted' driving

Updated: Aug 16, 2017 12:47 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Aug 16 (ANI): A team of researchers has produced an extensive dataset examining how drivers react to different types of distractions, part of an effort to devise strategies for making driving safer.

Full Story >>