Tue, May 23, 2017 | updated 02:50 AM IST

Babies whose fathers were killed in 1st World War have shortened adult life expectancies

Updated: Sep 13, 2016 07:30 IST      
Babies whose fathers were killed in 1st World War have shortened adult life expectancies

Washington D.C. [USA], Sept. 13 (ANI): According to a recent research, French children born between 1914 and 1916, whose fathers were killed or severely injured during the first World War, lost approximately one year of adult life expectancy.

The findings have furthered the understanding of the long-term effects of maternal psychological stress on children.

Some hypotheses state that much of the susceptibility to diseases in adulthood may stem from very early life experiences. Of particular interest are negative early life experiences, usually called early life adversities (ELAs).

These encompass both nutritional and psychological stresses; the effects of early life exposure to famine have been extensively studied through other natural experiments, such as the Dutch famine of 1944 or the Chinese famine of 1959. However, a lack of adequate historical data has so far made it difficult to assess the potential long-term consequences of psychological ELAs in natural experiments.

To investigate ELAs further, a team of French researchers from Inserm used newly-accessible historical databases to identify over 4,000 children born between 1914 and 1916 whose fathers were either killed or severely injured during World War One (WW1). Both of these groups are considered to have suffered ELAs. Of those children identified who had lost their father, the team also determined whether the death occurred after their birth, or whilst they were in the womb. Each individual was matched with a "control" of the same sex, age of mother, and date and district of birth.

The researchers found that all of those who experienced ELA suffered an increased mortality in adulthood, losing an average of one year of adult life expectancy compared to controls. The decrease in adult life expectancy was greater for those whose father had been killed whilst their mother was pregnant - a median of 2.2 years shorter than controls.

"The next step in the study will be to determine the cause of death for those having suffered ELA. This will shed light on the mechanisms involved." said lead researcher Nicolas Todd.

"We know that deregulation of the stress response is commonly found on animal models of ELAs, so it will be interesting to see if any evidence of this can be seen in the causes of death in the French cohort. It may give us further insight into the long-term effects of ELA," added Todd.

As inducing early life adversity in humans presents obvious ethical barriers, natural experiments such as World War- I are crucial pieces of evidence. The study is the first of its kind, and serves to strengthen our insights into the effects maternal stress can have on unborn and newborn children.

The research was presented today at the 55th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology. (ANI)

London [UK], May 22 (ANI): London recently experienced Pakistan's, while celebrating Karachi Literature Festival, for the first time outside Pakistan.

Full Story >>

Cannes 2017: Sonam looks fiery in red on Day 6

Updated: May 22, 2017 15:01 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 22 (ANI): After mesmerising everyone with her first red carpet appearance at 70th Cannes film Festival, Sonam Kapoor has started her second day on a brighter note at the French Riviera.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 22 (ANI): With Summer break around the corner, Google India recently revealed the top travel search trends for this summer, based on searches conducted by Indians between the months of February to April this year.

Full Story >>

Key to getting a second date!

Updated: May 22, 2017 14:13 IST     

London [UK], May 22 (ANI): First dates are always filled with assumptions and tensions as to whether it will lead to a second date or not.

Full Story >>

Know how to dress for a wildlife holiday this summer

Updated: May 22, 2017 13:52 IST     

New Delhi [India], May 22 (ANI): Summer is upon us, and with it comes an activity that is much loved - planning a vacation. While some may want to escape to the mountains, and others prefer to head to the beach, but here we are for those who love to keep it a little wild.

Full Story >>

Virtual reality porn can raise issues about consent: Study

Updated: May 22, 2017 13:13 IST     

London [UK], May 22 (ANI): According to a recent study, popularity of virtual reality pornography could cause a blurred line between real life and fantasy.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 22 (ANI): If you are a connoisseur of sunglasses, then you would of course know that they do not just shield your eyes from the sun's harmful radiation, but also add a distinct style quotient to your personality.

Full Story >>

London [USA], May 22 (ANI): A data by Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) shows that the rate at which non-Indigenous children have been placed in short or long-term care has more than doubled over the past 18 years, and more than tripled for Indigenous children.

Full Story >>

Norflok white wine chosen one of the 'best in the world'

Updated: May 22, 2017 12:29 IST     

London [UK], May 22 (ANI): A bottle of Norflok White wine costing 13 GBP has been named one of the best in the world.

Full Story >>

You are more likely to smoke if you like tobacco ads

Updated: May 22, 2017 12:14 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 22 (ANI): According to a recent research, if you like or remember tobacco ads, you are more likely to smoke cigarettes in the future.

Full Story >>

Instagram is terrible for your 'Status of Mind': Study

Updated: May 22, 2017 12:14 IST     

New York [USA], May 22 (ANI): Now, this might dishearten all the Instagrammers out there!

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], May 21 (ANI): The adorable royal siblings-Prince George and Princess Charlotte-made sure to steal the thunder at their aunt Pippa Middleton's wedding on Saturday.

Full Story >>

Decoded! Pippa Middleton's wedding dress

Updated: May 21, 2017 11:44 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 21 (ANI): Pippa Middleton wore a stunning Giles Deacon dress as she exchanged vows with millionaire banker James Matthews at a traditional ceremony in St Mark's Church in Englefield on Saturday.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 21 (ANI): After winning hearts with her off-shoulder powder blue brocade ball gown, Aishwarya Rai Bachchan looked like a fiery queen in a Ralph & Russo's floor-length red gown in her second red carpet appearance at the Cannes Film Festival.

Full Story >>

Go easy on those tomatoes, potatoes! Here's why

Updated: May 21, 2017 08:46 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 21 (ANI): Beware before you consume tomatoes, potatoes and cucumbers with gusto, as according to a study they contain a protein that may lead to Alzheimer's.

Full Story >>

Mushroom healthier when grilled, microwaved: Study

Updated: May 21, 2017 06:55 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 21 (ANI): Instead of boiling or deep frying mushrooms, you may want to cook them in a microwave or grill them to maintain its nutritional value, a recent study has revealed.

Full Story >>

Omega-3 rich diet can ward off Alzheimer's disease

Updated: May 21, 2017 06:09 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], May 21 (ANI): Keeping Alzheimer's disease (AD) away may be as simple as adding food rich in omega-3 to your diet, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Family cars to help you hit the road this summer vacation!

Updated: May 21, 2017 01:47 IST      By: Pallavi Aman Singh

New Delhi [India], May 21 (ANI): Summer is a time for weekend road trips, extended vacays and a sense of adventure. So, take your holiday family travel to the next level by hitting that road.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], May 21 (ANI): Are you looking for the right sartorial choices to beat the summer heat and look on point

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [U.S.A.], May 20 (ANI): Do not let your teenage daughter or son turn to diet pills to lose weight as a study has found that these supplements contain toxic chemicals that can affect their hormones, growth and mental health.

Full Story >>