Thu, Jun 29, 2017 | updated 02:41 AM IST

Children repair errors in their speech while talking to themselves

Updated: Oct 21, 2016 10:40 IST      
Children repair errors in their speech while talking to themselves

Washington D.C. [USA], Oct. 21 (ANI): When it comes to private speech, one of the major differences between adults and preschoolers is that adults typically talk to themselves in their heads, while preschoolers talk to themselves aloud, particularly while playing or working on a task.

Private speech is a good thing for a child's cognitive development; however, it may be important that children monitor and repair errors in their speech, even when talking to themselves.

Louis Manfra, assistant professor in the College of Human Environmental Sciences at the University of Missouri, found that children do, in fact, monitor their speech for errors, even without a listener. Manfra says parents and caregivers might encourage preschool-aged children to monitor their private speech by demonstrating such behavior in their own aloud private speech.

"A disconnection between private speech and task behavior has been observed in studies of children with self-regulation issues, such as ADHD," Manfra said. "What was unknown until now was the extent to which preschool-aged children correct their own speech, and if they do so when talking to themselves. This is important because children who do not repair their speech may not benefit as much from their private speech as children who consistently repair their private speech."

Manfra studied three-and four-year-old children to investigate their speech behaviours. The children worked on a project with building blocks, a problem-solving task known to elicit private speech. The children talked through the project with someone and then alone.

In assessing speech errors and self-repairs during social and private speech, Manfra found that approximately eight percent of preschoolers' utterances made during problem-solving tasks contained errors and self-repairs. Moreover, he found that children made errors and repairs both while talking through the task with another person and alone, providing evidence that they monitor speech for themselves, just as adults do.

"Adults often struggle to find the right word or have breaks in their speech as they think through a task," Manfra said. "Though they make corrections, they often internalize those corrections, talking to themselves in their head rather than aloud. To help children repair their private speech, adults working with children should model speech repair behaviors by talking aloud while working on a task. Doing so will help children realize that even without a listener present, speech errors should be corrected."

The study 'Speech monitoring and repairs in preschool children's social and private speech' is published in Early Childhood Research Quarterly. (ANI)

Now, extend your Eid celebrations with Appu Ghar

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 20:54 IST     

By Somdatta Saha

Full Story >>

Are you monsoon ready? Here are some styling tips

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 19:43 IST      By: Pallavi Aman Singh

New Delhi [India], Jun 28 (ANI): Is monsoon dampening your style quotients? Waterproof it right to put your most fashionable foot forward.

Full Story >>

'Talking Gods' are here to help you drive safely

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 18:54 IST     

New Delhi [India], Jun 28 (ANI): A new and unique media campaign on road safety lets God watch over you when behind the wheel.

Full Story >>

Clovia launches beachwear for women in India

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 18:31 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 28 (ANI-NewsVoir): Clovia, India's fastest growing lingerie brand has launched its new collection of beach or resort wear perfect for the summer holiday season. The collection features an array of beach dresses, sarongs, kimono cover-ups etc. in fun, flirty, comfy and flowy fits going with the theme.

Full Story >>

Digital dating abuse worse for girls than boys

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 17:28 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Jun 28 (ANI): With usage of social media or texting as a means of abuse becoming a growing problem among teenagers, a new study has found that girls may be suffering more severe emotional consequences than boys.

Full Story >>

Rains spoiling outdoor plans? Play poker!

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 16:29 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 28 (ANI): As Monsoon 2017 strikes India, the country's online poker start-ups are gearing up to make hay while the sun hides behind the clouds.

Full Story >>

Flanders, the haven for Music festivals

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 16:04 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 28 (ANI): Flanders is the ultimate place to experience the festival atmosphere during summer. Every year millions of happy people gather for their annual piece of happiness in Flanders.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], June 28 (ANI): Acupuncture alone or with the medication may not be effective in treating infertility in women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a study has said.

Full Story >>

Beware! Yoga can be more risky, painful for existing injury

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 09:30 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], June 28 (ANI): Beware! Researchers have warned that yoga, which is mostly used to reduce aches and pains, can also lead to injuries and even worsen the existing injury.

Full Story >>

Reports of health effects of cosmetics have doubled

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 07:12 IST     

Atlanta [US], June 28 (ANI): For most of us, a normal day is simply incomplete without using a cosmetic product.

Full Story >>

London [U.K.], June 28 (ANI): What does it take to find a suitable accommodation in New York?

Full Story >>

Male children with older dads are more geeky, suggests study

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 00:27 IST     

New York [U.S.A.], June 28 (ANI): If you consider yourself as a geeky guy, your dad's age at the time of your birth could have had a major part in forming your personality.

Full Story >>

This summer, plan your travel with Instagram

Updated: Jun 27, 2017 13:46 IST     

New Delhi [India], June 27 (ANI): Till date, you have just uploaded your trip-tales on Instagram. Now, you can also plan your next vacation using the photo-sharing app.

Full Story >>

For men, sex can be good for your heart

Updated: Jun 27, 2017 10:49 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], June 27 (ANI): Good news for men! Sexual activity atleast twice a week could be good for your heart, as according to a study, it reduces the level of a harmful chemical in the blood, which triggers life-threatening cardiac problems.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], June 27 (ANI): Looks like the First Lady of the United States never fails to leave the fashion police speechless!

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], June 27 (ANI): Attention women! High intake of barley, brown rice, oatmeal, soya and tofu for long-term may protect you from early menopause.

Full Story >>

Kid's sleeping problem could be making you depressed

Updated: Jun 27, 2017 07:33 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], June 27 (ANI): Worrying about not being able to manage your kid's sleep is taking a toll on your health.

Full Story >>

Taking pictures can enhance visual memory: Study

Updated: Jun 27, 2017 07:32 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], June 27 (ANI): Love taking pictures? Here's some good news! New research shows that choosing to take photos may actually help us remember the visual details of our encounters.

Full Story >>

Regular brisk walks at work can lower blood lipid levels

Updated: Jun 27, 2017 05:29 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], June 27 (ANI): Office goers, we have some important news for you.

Full Story >>

Beat the blues away with spirit and spice

Updated: Jun 26, 2017 14:14 IST      By: Somdatta Saha

New Delhi [India], June 26 (ANI): If you are in no mood to get high on something hard or bored with the same cocktails on the menu, then take a sigh of relief.

Full Story >>