Thu, Mar 23, 2017 | updated 07:43 AM IST

Here's 'Why can't a woman be more like a man?' in regard to STEM career

Updated: Nov 03, 2016 09:53 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Nov. 3 (ANI): A new research has spoken about why we sometimes restrain ourselves from singing the lyric, 'Why can't a woman be more like a man?' from the musical 'My Fair Lady.'

Even when women were more like men 20 to 40 years ago, it didn't help them get a job in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields, said Cornell University demographer Sharon Sassler.

This is according to Sassler's new study on women who completed college STEM degrees in the 1970s through the early 1990s.

The study found that when women planned to delay marriage and limit the number of children they wanted, which would let them focus exclusively on work, they didn't get the same employment opportunities in STEM as men. Of those graduating with a STEM degree, 41 percent of women and 53 percent of men were employed in a STEM job within two

years of completing college - a statistically significant difference, the study said.

"These women have the characteristics of the ideal worker. They expect to have few family distractions and work in STEM both within five years and at midlife. They really have strong aspirations," Sassler said. "But they were no more likely to enter STEM jobs than women who anticipated marrying young and having two or more children."

Sassler's co-authors include Yael Levitte, associate vice provost for

faculty development and diversity at Cornell University.

The study fills a void in research on the 'pipeline' for women's employment in STEM fields. The transition from college to the workforce is a crucial - and poorly understood - section of the pipeline, Sassler said.

"If women aren't getting into these STEM jobs, then they're not there to mentor other women. They're not there to climb the ladder and help with hiring," she said.

The researchers analyzed data from the 1979 National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth. This sample of young people ages 14-22 were

interviewed in 1979, again as young adults and periodically through the present about their teenage career aspirations, fields of study during college and occupations over time. The researchers focused on 163 women and 353 men who completed STEM bachelor degrees.

Employer bias was one potential reason for the STEM employment gap, the researchers concluded.

"You would think that a woman who intended to limit her fertility would be more hirable in demanding jobs," Sassler said. "Men with similar family preferences, however, were more likely than women to transition into the STEM workforce. The women were not seen as desirable as men who said the same thing."

"If a woman with a STEM degree said she didn't want children, her peers and employers didn't seem to believe her," added Levitte.

Another major reason for the employment gap was women's underrepresentation in STEM majors, the study said.

While only 15 percent of women earned a STEM degree, nearly 33 percent of men did. Moreover, men were significantly more likely than women to get degrees in computer science and engineering, majors that translate most frequently into a STEM job. In contrast, more women majored in life sciences, but often found non-STEM work.

Ideas about the roles men and women should play may also have kept women out of STEM jobs, the researchers said. Men in the study had more conservative views, saying that women should be responsible for domestic and childcare responsibilities. In contrast, women said couples should share housework and childcare.

"Women might have perceived potential colleagues or the broader STEM climate as too conservative to work in," Levitte said.

The study has been published in Social Science Research. (ANI)

New Delhi [India], Mar.22 (ANI): Universal Business School (UBS) has entered into a three year JV agreement with Tata Capital to train the Graduate Trainee participants, which Tata Capital recruits and cherry picks after a stringent selection process from the best campuses across the country. The program is fully residential and is held at the UBS campus in Karjat.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar.22 (ANI): Veteran photographer Raghu Rai was on Wednesday conferred with Lifetime Achievement Award at the 6th National Photography Awards.

Full Story >>

Durex gets into denims with Ranveer Singh

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 17:25 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar.22 (ANI): Durex is back again with Bollywood heartthrob, Ranveer Singh to announce the entry into Jeans.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): According to a new University of Michigan study, researchers sought to explain how ethnic-racial identity exploration and resolution might affect friendship networks among youth in a diverse setting, as well as their peers over time.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar 22 (ANI): India's leading online fashion portal Jabong has announced the addition of American fashionwear brand Forever 21 to its product portfolio.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar.22 (ANI): Are you one of those who were asked to clear your academic doubts from teachers, rather than your peers? Well, you might want to give a thought about that now.

Full Story >>

Mumbai [India], Mar. 22 (ANI): Two Indian designers have been offered a global avenue to showcase their exquisite creations by 6Degree, India's fashion talent, and tech platform.

Full Story >>

Older the new mothers, better they are

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 09:42 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): Women, who experience motherhood later in life, are more compassionate mothers than their younger counterparts, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): Turns out, your pre-pregnancy weight determines a lot more than the size of the maternity jeans you'll be wearing.

Full Story >>

Here's the best way to cook pasta

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 06:37 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 22 (ANI): Want to make pasta like the professionals? A new Speaking of Chemistry video offers a tip that will guarantee your meal is perfectly cooked.

Full Story >>

Here's how we might act if the world ends

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 21:13 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): Have you ever wondered how would people act if a catastrophic event was set to wipe out the society? Turns out, we're not going to embark on a path of law-breaking and anti-social behaviour.

Full Story >>

Wednesdays are the new Fridays!

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 20:51 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): Sector 29, the buzzing hotspot of Gurugram, is witnessing a rather interesting change in the way people are guzzling down their favourite drinks.

Full Story >>

A guide to Japan's cherry blossom season

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 20:51 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): With cherry trees blooming, Japan's picturesque landscape will soon be transformed into a sea of pink and so, here's a guide to help you navigate this glorious floral display.

Full Story >>

Bringing good ol' flavour back to tomatoes

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 19:04 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): A flavour face-lift for supermarket tomatoes may be in store, thanks to a group of researchers.

Full Story >>

And the world's happiest country is...

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 17:02 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): If you want to pursue happiness, head to Norway as the Scandinavian country has been crowned as the world's happiest country.

Full Story >>

Parents are the true genetic engineers

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 16:31 IST

By Dr Padmapriya Anup Nair

Full Story >>

Booze-energy drink combo may up injury risk

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 15:16 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): Turns out, Red Bull may give you wings but necking it down with your booze may give you bruises.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): It's not only making love that bonds the partners, the 'afterglow' too works as magic!

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): Every designer has a signature style, and what seals the deal and marks the grand finale of any great show is the design that is the showstopper.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): Summers are here and it is the most nightmarish time for skin issues specially acne. Ugly to look at and painful in general, the outbreak of acne can be extremely demotivating and affect the confidence of an individual.

Full Story >>