Sun, Mar 26, 2017 | updated 02:41 PM IST

Smoking may turns HIV affected people's lifespan even shorter

Updated: Nov 03, 2016 10:44 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Nov. 3 (ANI): Cigarette smoking substantially reduces the lifespan of people living with HIV in the U.S., potentially even more than HIV itself, says a new study.

"A person with HIV who consistently takes anti-HIV medicines but smokes is much more likely to die of a smoking-related disease than of HIV," said Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researcher Krishna Reddy, who led the study. "The good news is that quitting smoking can greatly increase lifespan, and it is never too late to quit."

While only 15 percent of the general U.S. adult population smokes cigarettes, among people living with HIV the smoking rate is over 40 percent, and an additional 20 percent are former smokers. The widespread use of antiviral medications today allows people with HIV to live longer, but smokers with HIV are developing smoking-related diseases - such as lung cancer, heart disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, sometimes referred to as emphysema) - at higher rates than are HIV-uninfected individuals.

The researchers used epidemiologic data to estimate the average lifespan of people living with HIV depending on whether they were current, former or never smokers. Extending a validated simulation model of HIV developed by the team, they demonstrated that a person with HIV could lose more than 8 years of life simply because of his or her smoking habits and unrelated to HIV infection. They also found that, if one-quarter of the people receiving care for HIV in the U.S. who smoke were to quit now, more than a quarter million years of life would be saved.

The study found that for a 40-year-old person who receives care for HIV but - as is often the case in the U.S. - does not perfectly follow recommended treatment, smoking shortens his or her expected lifespan by more than 6 years, compared with a nonsmoker who is similarly not perfectly adherent to antiviral treatment. For someone who adheres well to anti-HIV medicines, smoking shortens his or her expected lifespan by more than 8 years - about double the impact of HIV itself - compared with a nonsmoker who perfectly adheres to treatment. For those who are smokers when they enter treatment for HIV, quitting smoking, particularly at younger ages, was shown to reverse much of the loss of life expectancy.

"Smoking cessation should be a key part of the care of people living with HIV to improve both their lifespan and their quality of life," said study co-author Travis Baggett.

Rochelle Walensky, senior author of the study, said, "It is time to recognize that smoking is now the primary killer of people with HIV who are receiving treatment."

Reddy added, "Unfortunately, smoking cessation interventions have not been widely incorporated into HIV care. Given how common smoking is among people with HIV, now is the time to change that."

The report is being published online in the Journal of Infectious Diseases. (ANI)

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 26 (ANI): You may want to encourage your children to get up and exercise as a recent study has suggested that inactive teens have weaker bones than those who are physically active.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 26 (ANI): White families with children typically live in less diverse areas than other racial groups, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 26 (ANI): Disabilities in children are difficult to diagnose and are often seen in the form of subtle signs like social awkwardness, withdrawal, hyperactivity or inability to focus on a particular task at hand etc.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar 25 (ANI): Are you amongst those who have infatuation with Turkey and the Mediterranean region? Are you someone who is in awe of blue, white and yellow hues that give a glimpse of unique culture and goodness of Turkish architecture?

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 25 (ANI): A new study has found that as little as 10 minutes a day of high-intensity physical activity could help some children reduce their risk of developing heart problems and metabolic diseases such as diabetes.

Full Story >>

Mumbai [India], Mar. 25 (ANI): The Indian School of Design and Innovation (ISDI) which is in association with Parsons, The New School of Design, New York, took fashion incubation to a whole new level with the launch of their student's label "Asvaga" on Pernia's Pop-Up Shop. Pernia's Pop-Up Shop is India's first luxury fashion store for men and women.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 24 (ANI): Various mobile applications are permitting us to track our sleeping patterns, food intake and exercise or workout patterns.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar 24 (ANI): Supporting the core theme of the annual 'Earth Hour Day', Radisson Blu Paschim Vihar is all set to ring in the day by participating and turning off the lights for an hour to save energy between 8:30 and 9:30pm.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): In a successful FB Live discussion yesterday, author Amish Tripathi and Cabinet Minister of Textiles Smriti Irani discussed how today's women are warriors, fighting many emotional and intellectual battles to create their mark in every field and every sector, around the world.

Full Story >>

Rishikesh [India], March 24 (ANI): Jumpin Heights, India's Extreme Adventure Zone and India's Highest Bungy Jumping Platform successfully completed 50, 000 Bungy Jumps. To mark this success, a gala event was organised that witnessed participation from over hundred jumpers, locals, and the 'Dangal girls' -Fatima Shaikh and Sanya Malhotra, respectively.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [U.S.A.], Mar. 24 (ANI): Drinking a pint of ordinary beer, lager or two small pub measure (25 ml) of spirits a day may lower the risk of several, but not all, cardiovascular diseases, suggests a study.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 24 (ANI): Weight training, walking, hiking, jogging for 12 months may increase the particular hormone associated with bone growth, promoting bone formation, increasing bone density.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 24 (ANI): Ranking above HIV and malaria, health experts on the occasion of World Tuberculosis day, called for an increase in public awareness on the rising cases of TB among children.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 24 (ANI): Looking for extravagance but don't want to spend a bomb? Does your hunt for hotels always look for a perfect blend of comfort, luxury and budget? With the influx of 'budget brands' in the hotel segment, there has been an ignition of growth in the Hospitality sector, striking an increase in the number of in-bound vacations by 12 per cent.

Full Story >>

Saluting the spirit of acid-attack survivors

Updated: Mar 24, 2017 06:37 IST

Bengaluru [India], Mar. 24 (ANI): To celebrate the true spirit of womanhood, Housejoy's 'Joy Squad', in association with Atijeevan Foundation in Bengaluru and Chennai; brought joy into the lives of a few acid-attack survivors.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): The Grand Venice, largest mall in Greater Noida and India's only mall built on the lines of Italian city of Venice, has recently launched its Ultimate Food Hub Terrazzo.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): Shailyy- a born poetess, whose first story was published in Nandan at a tender age of 13 years, has many accolades to her credit.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): India is in the midst of a digital transformation and fashion is at the forefront of this change.

Full Story >>

By Somdatta Saha

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar.22 (ANI): Universal Business School (UBS) has entered into a three year JV agreement with Tata Capital to train the Graduate Trainee participants, which Tata Capital recruits and cherry picks after a stringent selection process from the best campuses across the country. The program is fully residential and is held at the UBS campus in Karjat.

Full Story >>