Fri, Apr 28, 2017 | updated 06:00 AM IST

American kids consume excess salt, putting them at risk

Updated: Nov 04, 2016 12:11 IST      
American kids consume excess salt, putting them at risk

Washington D.C. [USA], Nov. 4 (ANI): A study has found out that American children are consuming sodium at levels that far exceed the daily recommended limit. Taste preferences for high sodium foods, formed as children, follow individuals into adulthood and put them at increased risk for developing cardiovascular problems later in life.

"Sodium reduction is considered a key public health strategy to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases nationwide and this study is the latest in ongoing CDC efforts to monitor U.S. sodium intake," explained lead author Zerleen S. Quader. "We already know that nearly

all Americans regardless of age, race, and gender consume more sodium than is recommended for a healthy diet and the excess intake is of great concern among particular youths."

Using data from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), CDC researchers looked at the eating habits of 2,142 children between the ages of six and 18 years. They found that the average sodium intake for kids was 3,256 milligrams per day, not including any salt added at the table. The recommended intake for children varies from 1,900 mg/day to 2,300 mg/day depending on age. Nearly 90 percent of the children surveyed exceeded the upper level of sodium recommended for their age group and previous evidence

suggests that one in nine children ages 8-17 years already has blood pressure above the normal range for their age, sex, and height, which increases their risk of high blood pressure as adults.

The study also found that high levels of sodium were being consumed throughout the day and from a variety of different sources. For example, they found 39 percent of sodium was consumed at dinner, 31 percent came from lunch, 16 percent from snacks, and 14 percent at breakfast.

Researchers discovered that only 10 types of food made up almost 50 percent of kids' sodium intake. These included pizza, Mexican mixed dishes, sandwiches (including burgers), breads, cold cuts, soups, savory snacks, cheese, plain milk, and poultry.

Looking at where sodium-laden foods were purchased, researchers found that foods from the grocery store accounted for a substantial 58 percent of daily sodium intake, while fast-food/pizza contributed 16 percent, and the school cafeteria 10 percent.

"With the exception of plain milk, which naturally contains sodium, the top ten food categories contributing to U.S. school children's sodium intake in 2011-2012 comprised foods in which sodium is added during processing or preparation," said Quader. "Sodium is consumed

throughout the day from multiple foods and locations, highlighting the importance of sodium reduction across the U.S. food supply."

While sodium intake exceeded daily recommended levels across the board, the study found that average levels were even higher for teens ages 14-18 years (3,565 mg/day vs. 3,256 mg/day for all ages) and that girls had significantly lower daily intake than boys (2,919 mg/day for

girls vs. 3,584 mg/day for boys); however, no significant differences in mean sodium intake were observed by race/ethnic group, household income, or child weight status.

This new study illustrates why identifying targets for sodium intervention can be tricky, since salt is ubiquitous in children's diets. It's also hard to pinpoint problem foods, since the sodium

content of dishes can vary significantly according to how they are made and prepared.

"It's surprising how much sodium content for the same food type can vary by product," described Quader. "The best way to reduce sodium intake from these products is to check the Nutrition Facts panel on packages and look for no-salt-added or lower-sodium versions."

The investigators have identified some important tips for parents and caregivers looking to help cut down sodium in kids' diets.

Firstly, feed your children a diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables without added sodium or sauces.

Secondly, read nutrition labels. When shopping at the grocery store, look for the lowest sodium options for your child's favorite foods. An easy way to assess sodium in a food is to focus on the amount of sodium per serving. Those foods with less than 140 mg per serving are considered low in sodium.

Thirdly, request nutritional information at restaurants to find healthier options. Speak with your local grocer about stocking lower-sodium versions of foods.

While more attention is being paid to fostering good food habits early, salt could prove to be a challenging opponent. Researchers hope that this study can serve as a benchmark as more measures are put into place to reduce the amount of sodium kids consume.

"The results support the need to reduce sodium content across the U.S. food supply rather than in a single type of food or venue," concluded Quader. "These data provide baseline information on sources of sodium intake among U.S. school-aged children that can be used to monitor changes in the food supply over time."

The study has been published in Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics .(ANI)

Sun exposure, excessive heat can damage hair

Updated: Apr 28, 2017 05:10 IST     

New Delhi [India], April 28 (ANI): The scorching sun, excessive perspiration, dust and dirt make our hair vulnerable in summers.

Full Story >>

This summer, no more discomfort for preggers

Updated: Apr 28, 2017 05:09 IST     

New Delhi [India], April 28 (ANI): Body temperature of a pregger always remains a bit higher than normal, so added external heat obviously makes her feel uncomfortable.

Full Story >>

Need to sort out your marriage? App at service

Updated: Apr 28, 2017 05:04 IST     

New Delhi [India], April 28 (ANI): When the whole world is completely dependent on technology, then why to worry about the problems in a marriage.

Full Story >>

Asian Designer Week Summer 2017 to hit the ramp from May 5

Updated: Apr 27, 2017 20:07 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr 27 (ANI): Asian Designer Week (ADW) is all set to hit the capital for the fourth time from May 5 to May 7.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Apr 27 (ANI-Businesswire India): Beating the downturn in the real estate market, Auramah Valley, the ultra luxury residential project is giving 50% - 60% return to its residents over the last 3 years

Full Story >>

Here's why milk is good for your child's growth

Updated: Apr 27, 2017 10:17 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 27 (ANI): A recent study suggests dairy proteins may be an even higher quality source of protein compared to vegetable-based protein sources than previously thought.

Full Story >>

Soy protein eases severity of inflammatory bowel disease

Updated: Apr 27, 2017 09:50 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 27 (ANI): People suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases should eat a diet supplemented with soy protein as it may serve as an effective adjunct therapy.

Full Story >>

Mothers drinking colas increase risk of obesity in kids

Updated: Apr 27, 2017 09:50 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 27 (ANI): Pregnant or breastfeeding mothers should avoid taking diet high in fructose-containing sugars as it increases the risk of their kids being obese or diabetic.

Full Story >>

Media representation of public shooters responsible for bias

Updated: Apr 27, 2017 09:04 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 27 (ANI): We might not realise it but the effect media stories have on our minds is immense.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], April 27 (ANI): Noted social worker and cultural activist Dr Mridula Tandon was the recipient of honours and felicitated at a graceful assembly of writers and social figures, organised by the foundation SIET, on Tuesday evening at India International Centre.

Full Story >>

London [UK], April 26 (ANI): Generally, when a guy sees his girlfriend sleeping with someone else, he yells, fights and creates a scene out of it, but unlike this, a US citizen reacted calmly in a bizarre way.

Full Story >>

Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) [India], Apr 26 (ANI): The potential for expanding cooperation between universities in Kazakhstan and India, especially in key subject areas such as IT, management, agriculture and others, is huge said Kazakhstan's Ambassador to India Bulat Sarsenbayev on Wednesday.

Full Story >>

Owning a freehold luxury home in Shimla just got easier

Updated: Apr 26, 2017 17:48 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 26 (ANI): Buying a holiday or second home in the lap of nature remains an attractive real estate investment proposition and now, there's a way to own a freehold luxury home in Shimla.

Full Story >>

A sneak peek into 'colourful' IRW Summer 2017

Updated: Apr 26, 2017 17:11 IST     

By Pallavi Aman Singh

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 26 (ANI): As new and more effective human reproductive genetic technologies (RGTs) develop, religious people are likelier to disapprove of these tools than nonreligious people, a new Rice University study found.

Full Story >>

'Diet' products can make you fat

Updated: Apr 26, 2017 09:24 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 26 (ANI): Dieting and still can't shed those extra kilos? Turns out, some of the so-called diet products are just junk food in disguise.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Apr 25 (ANI-NewsVoir): Akshaya Tritiya is one of the most auspicious days in the Indian calendar. Considered to be an extremely favorable day for new beginnings, Akshaya Tritiya or Akha Teej is often celebrated by people buying precious jewellery, to bring in further prosperity to their lives.

Full Story >>

Parents, are you feeding your kids' emotional hunger?

Updated: Apr 25, 2017 17:13 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 25 (ANI): Does a break-up equal a tub of ice cream and a cheese cake, a cure for the blues? According to a recent study, you may want to add this emotional eating habit to the blame-the-parents list.

Full Story >>

Pediatric clinics support mental health needs of young people

Updated: Apr 25, 2017 12:53 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 25 (ANI): Anxiety and depression might be the most common mental health problems in children and adolescents but several factors including stigma pose as obstacles in obtaining the much-needed mental health care.

Full Story >>

Caterpillar could be a solution to plastic pollution

Updated: Apr 25, 2017 12:03 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 25 (ANI): As bizarre as it may sound but caterpillars could now help us get rid of plastic pollution!

Full Story >>