Thu, Mar 23, 2017 | updated 11:42 PM IST

Ban on smoking persuade light smokers to quit the habit, says study

Updated: Oct 06, 2016 10:21 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Oct. 6 (ANI): A recent study shows how bans on smoking at a certain place, led young people living in those areas to give up or never take up cigarettes.

In particular, the study found that young males, who were light smokers, were more likely to give up cigarettes after a ban came into effect.

Smokers, who lived in areas where there was never a ban, weren't likely to drop their cigarette habit.

However, smoking bans did not seem to affect tobacco use among women, although their use was already below that of men.

Co-author of the study Mike Vuolo said, "These findings provide some of the most robust evidence to date on the impact of smoking bans on young people's smoking."

Also, this is the first national study to show how the bans affect individual smokers.

Results showed that the probability of a young man smoking in the last 30 days was 19 percent for those living in an area without a ban, but only 13 percent for those who live in an area with a ban.

For women, the probability was the same (11 percent) regardless of where they lived.

The study included 4,341 people from 487 cities, who were interviewed every year from 2004 to 2011.

All participants were between the age of 19 and 31.

The researchers found big changes in the number of bans from 2004 to 2011.

The percentage of people in this study living in a city with a comprehensive ban increased from 14.9 percent to 58.7 percent during that time.

"We found that the implementation of a smoking ban reduces the odds that a young person in that location will smoke at all over time. In other words, young people are less likely to smoke once a smoking ban goes into effect," Vuolo said.

Smoking bans didn't work to reduce or end smoking for those who smoked more than a pack a day when the bans began.

What they do was prevent light smokers from becoming heavy smokers.

"We found that locations that have had a smoking ban for longer periods of time have fewer youth, regardless of gender, who are heavy smokers than other areas," he said.

These results accounted for the effects of other tobacco control policies such as taxes, as well as characteristics of the individuals and where they live, said co-author Brian Kelly.

"This study isolates the effects of smoking bans alongside multiple types of tobacco policy. Ultimately, it identifies smoking bans as the most highly effective policy tool for lawmakers who wish to reduce smoking among young people," Kelly said.

Vuolo said the study could not identify why smoking bans reduced smoking among men and not women. However, he noted that women in the study already smoked less than men.

"Smoking bans make men look more like women in terms of the amount that they smoke," he said.

It is possible that men in the study were more likely to frequent bars, so they encountered smoking restrictions more often than women. That may have led more men to give up smoking, Vuolo said.

In any case, bans appear to convince social smokers to give up the habit.

"There's a lot of evidence that casual, social smokers are influenced by their environment. If they can't smoke inside with their friends at a restaurant or bar, they may choose not to smoke at all," Vuolo said.

The research was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse and was published in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior. (ANI)

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): The Grand Venice, largest mall in Greater Noida and India's only mall built on the lines of Italian city of Venice, has recently launched its Ultimate Food Hub Terrazzo.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): Shailyy- a born poetess, whose first story was published in Nandan at a tender age of 13 years, has many accolades to her credit.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): India is in the midst of a digital transformation and fashion is at the forefront of this change.

Full Story >>

By Somdatta Saha

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar.22 (ANI): Universal Business School (UBS) has entered into a three year JV agreement with Tata Capital to train the Graduate Trainee participants, which Tata Capital recruits and cherry picks after a stringent selection process from the best campuses across the country. The program is fully residential and is held at the UBS campus in Karjat.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar.22 (ANI): Veteran photographer Raghu Rai was on Wednesday conferred with Lifetime Achievement Award at the 6th National Photography Awards.

Full Story >>

Durex gets into denims with Ranveer Singh

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 17:25 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar.22 (ANI): Durex is back again with Bollywood heartthrob, Ranveer Singh to announce the entry into Jeans.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): According to a new University of Michigan study, researchers sought to explain how ethnic-racial identity exploration and resolution might affect friendship networks among youth in a diverse setting, as well as their peers over time.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar 22 (ANI): India's leading online fashion portal Jabong has announced the addition of American fashionwear brand Forever 21 to its product portfolio.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar.22 (ANI): Are you one of those who were asked to clear your academic doubts from teachers, rather than your peers? Well, you might want to give a thought about that now.

Full Story >>

Mumbai [India], Mar. 22 (ANI): Two Indian designers have been offered a global avenue to showcase their exquisite creations by 6Degree, India's fashion talent, and tech platform.

Full Story >>

Older the new mothers, better they are

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 09:42 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): Women, who experience motherhood later in life, are more compassionate mothers than their younger counterparts, according to a recent study.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 22 (ANI): Turns out, your pre-pregnancy weight determines a lot more than the size of the maternity jeans you'll be wearing.

Full Story >>

Here's the best way to cook pasta

Updated: Mar 22, 2017 06:37 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 22 (ANI): Want to make pasta like the professionals? A new Speaking of Chemistry video offers a tip that will guarantee your meal is perfectly cooked.

Full Story >>

Here's how we might act if the world ends

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 21:13 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): Have you ever wondered how would people act if a catastrophic event was set to wipe out the society? Turns out, we're not going to embark on a path of law-breaking and anti-social behaviour.

Full Story >>

Wednesdays are the new Fridays!

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 20:51 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): Sector 29, the buzzing hotspot of Gurugram, is witnessing a rather interesting change in the way people are guzzling down their favourite drinks.

Full Story >>

A guide to Japan's cherry blossom season

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 20:51 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 21 (ANI): With cherry trees blooming, Japan's picturesque landscape will soon be transformed into a sea of pink and so, here's a guide to help you navigate this glorious floral display.

Full Story >>

Bringing good ol' flavour back to tomatoes

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 19:04 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): A flavour face-lift for supermarket tomatoes may be in store, thanks to a group of researchers.

Full Story >>

And the world's happiest country is...

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 17:02 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 21 (ANI): If you want to pursue happiness, head to Norway as the Scandinavian country has been crowned as the world's happiest country.

Full Story >>

Parents are the true genetic engineers

Updated: Mar 21, 2017 16:31 IST

By Dr Padmapriya Anup Nair

Full Story >>