Mon, Apr 24, 2017 | updated 08:31 PM IST

Delinquent youngsters suffering from PTSD need tailored treatment: Study

Updated: Oct 07, 2016 11:18 IST      
Delinquent youngsters suffering from PTSD need tailored treatment: Study

Washington D.C [USA], Oct. 7 (ANI): Juvenile offenders, who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at 67 percent greater risk of entering substance abuse treatment within seven years, a new study has found.

Lead author of the study Jordan Davis said, "It's quite shocking, honestly and really speaks to the lasting impact of early childhood trauma."

The study's purpose was to determine the factors that predicted delinquent youths' entry into treatment and identify those who might benefit most from early interventions.

At least 30 percent of people in the criminal justice system have PTSD symptoms, prior studies have shown.

The high proportion of juvenile offenders with PTSD and co-occurring drug/alcohol problems demands a rethinking of current approaches to substance use treatment, Davis said.

These juvenile offenders may require ongoing care that includes trauma and family therapy as well as community-based services.

The participants in the study, who were between the ages of 14 and 18 at the beginning of the project and had been adjudicated delinquent or found guilty of a serious offense, were tracked for seven years.

Davis and his co-authors examined the social-ecological determinants of 1,350 young people's entry into drug treatment, focusing on four factors - teens' behavior, parental dynamics, peer influences and neighborhood characteristics.

"When you look at these factors separately, you will find what you want to find. But when you consider all of these factors together, things look quite different. Parental factors, oddly enough, had no influence on risk for treatment entry, while associating with deviant peers, being diagnosed with PTSD and having emotion-regulation problems increased these youths' risk of entering treatment the most," Davis said.

The findings also suggested that clinicians can expect the majority of young offenders who need substance abuse treatment will have experienced serious emotional or physical trauma.

Exposure to chronic stress alters brain chemistry and functioning, making children susceptible to many problems.

"PTSD has a dramatic and lasting impact on individuals' stress-response system, triggering their brains to secrete excess cortisol whenever they encounter stressors," he said.

Co-author Joey Merrin said, "Trauma also blunts the development of the prefrontal cortex, which is associated with decision-making and impulse control. As a result, individuals who experience more trauma and stress may respond differently to social situations."

Teens, who had emotion regulation problems and poor impulse control were significantly more likely to enter drug or alcohol treatment compared with peers who had stable temperaments, the researchers

found.

The study was published in the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. (ANI)

New Delhi [India], Apr 24 (ANI): A joyous whoop for youthful fun has just hit the foodies living in Faridabad as Radisson Blu has launched its Pan Asian Cuisine restaurant, 'House of Soy' to take one through the culinary sojourns of the region's most loved cuisines.

Full Story >>

Some kind of depression Indian women face

Updated: Apr 24, 2017 18:21 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr 24 (ANI): Increased episodes of depression in women may be attributed to changes in hormone levels that keep occurring through a woman's life, besides, other factors such as genetics, situational stress and anxiety, as well as important life events such as marriage or pregnancy.

Full Story >>

Beta blocker can protect skin cancer: Study

Updated: Apr 24, 2017 15:44 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], April 24 (ANI): Beta blocker usually used to treat high blood pressure can now protect against the sun-induced cell damage that leads to skin cancer, finds a study.

Full Story >>

Explore the many theme parks of Japan

Updated: Apr 24, 2017 15:22 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr 24 (ANI): Japan, the land of the rising Sun is known for its rich heritage, cultural history and beautiful landscapes but did you know that Japan also hosts a large number of Theme Parks as well?

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], April 24 (ANI): Eat healthy and loose those extra kilos to live more, as a study finds that obesity brings in more risk than diabetes, tobacco use or high blood pressure for shortening of lifespan.

Full Story >>

MyHQ turning Delhi's cafes into work-friendly spaces

Updated: Apr 24, 2017 12:53 IST     

By Pallavi Aman Singh

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], April 24 (ANI): Good news! A team of US researchers has found that postmenopausal women, who are at the highest genetic risk of bone fracture, can benefit the most from hormone therapy.

Full Story >>

Cannot cut burgers, pizzas from diet? Blame your genes

Updated: Apr 24, 2017 10:28 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 24 (ANI): After knowing that burger and pizzas are unhealthy, why are we incapable from cutting them from our diets? Relax and blame gene variants as a study finds that they affect the way our brain works and influence our food preferences.

Full Story >>

Start placing bins at 1.5 m distance to boost recycling

Updated: Apr 24, 2017 08:02 IST     

Washington D.C. [U.S.A.], Apr 23 (ANI): For clean and safe environment, start placing bins at a distance of 1.5 metres away from suite doors as a study reveals that it can drastically boost recycling and composting rates by 141 percent.

Full Story >>

Hitting the gym? Take your friend along

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 18:25 IST     

London [UK], Apr 23 (ANI): Believe it or not, exercising with a friend is anyday more productive than working out alone.

Full Story >>

Stressed? Let go of negativity and find gratitude

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 18:06 IST     

London [UK], Apr 23 (ANI): Living in a fast paced environment can leave us stressed.

Full Story >>

Not male, VIP's now demand female bodyguards

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 17:40 IST     

London [UK], Apr 23 (ANI): The trend's changing. While earlier you would imagine a tall, big man with biceps as someone's bodyguard, people these days are hiring women (average-sized women too) for their protection.

Full Story >>

Marriage, children, not that important for millenials: Report

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 17:04 IST     

London [UK], Apr 23 (ANI): In stark contrast to the generation before them, young adults are turning away from marriage and children so as to pursue education and career.

Full Story >>

Here's why you should stop drinking diet sodas

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 14:26 IST     

Atlanta [US], Apr 23 (ANI): Rise in temperature is directly proportional to the increased intake of artificially sweetened drinks.

Full Story >>

What! This animal can survive without oxygen

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 14:00 IST     

Atlanta [US], Apr 23 (ANI): The naked mole rat, one of the world's most bizarre and remarkable animals is surprising scientists once again.

Full Story >>

Tuns out, craving junk food is in your genes!

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 13:36 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): If you are a slave to junk food and facing a seemingly endless struggle to curb your cravings, then good news as according to a recent study, you might be able to blame it on your genes.

Full Story >>

Eat dark chocolates to turn back the clock on ageing

Updated: Apr 23, 2017 11:30 IST     

Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 23 (ANI): Winding back the clock has never been so delicious! A team of researchers has found that dark chocolates can reverse ageing.

Full Story >>

Here`s what to expect from India Runway Week Summer 2017

Updated: Apr 22, 2017 18:05 IST     

By Pallavi Aman Singh

Full Story >>

Find out what's new in Dubai!

Updated: Apr 22, 2017 15:03 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr. 22 (ANI): Dubai truly never stands still!

Full Story >>

Playfully scented love, now in your pocket!

Updated: Apr 22, 2017 14:53 IST     

New Delhi [India], Apr. 22 (ANI): Looks like the sweating summer, this year, will remain stink-free, courtesy the perfumes in your pockets.

Full Story >>