Wed, Mar 29, 2017 | updated 10:58 AM IST

Warm care in orphanages lead to holistic development of children

Updated: Oct 08, 2016 13:09 IST

Washington D.C. [USA], Oct. 8 (ANI): A recent research shows that care giving from a few consistent individuals helps to minimize the potential emotional and mental-health development issues that can arise from spending the early years of a child's life in an institution.

Within such facilities, infants and toddlers reared in daily contact with responsive and warm professionals display better physical, cognitive, and social development.

After they are placed into families, they have less aggressive and defiant tendencies and show fewer externalizing behaviors.

The study acknowledges that infants and toddlers who reside in traditional institutions for extended periods are more likely to exhibit internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems even after being placed into families for some years.

The study also determines whether positive interventions in these institutions would be associated with improvements in their behavior after transitioning into family care.

One of the study's lead researchers Robert B. McCall said, "Unfortunately, many children around the world are reared in a regimented fashion by a large number of individuals who provide only the basics of care and support in a businesslike fashion with very little else--no response to crying, no conversation, no play, no

hugs."

Adding, "The typical neglectful institutional method minimizes sensitive and responsive caregiver-child relationships and produces chronic stress, which leads to higher rates of deficient development and behavioral patterns. Conversely, improved caregiver-child interactions and relationships might be expected to minimize such madverse outcomes, leading to happier and more well adjusted children. We believe these findings are potentially significant to professionals seeking to improve alternative care facilities and train their staff to care for the children in their care."

The research showed that the characteristics of typical family life are important contributors to the development of infants and toddlers, even when implemented in an institution.

Lead researcher Christina J. Groark said, "The quality and consistency of early caregiver-child interactions appear to be the most important elements of childcare, regardless of whether the children live in an institution or a family."

Researchers followed 135 children who had spent at least three months in one of the three institutions.

Participating children departed for domestic families either during the study or up to six years later and resided in those families for at least one year.

The children were between 18 months and ten years of age.

For the study, a childcare home was allowed to conduct business practices as usual, representative of the status quo while the other two were asked to install specific childcare interventions.

Staff members within the second facility were instructed to interact with the children in a "parent-like" manner, expressing warm, caring and sensitive mannerisms, the same as they would with their own children.

The third institution was asked to implement the same parent-like mannerism intervention as well as a series of caregiver-child policy changes.

These changes included cutting the number of different caregivers the child experienced regularly and having those same one or two professionals consistently playing a role in the child's daily life.

In essence, the policy changes implemented in the second and third facilities looked to mimic parent-child relations as much as possible; in addition, the third Baby Home was made more "family-like" in operation.

When transferred into domestic families, researchers found that the parents of children from the intervention-implemented institutions rated them as being less indiscriminately friendly with strangers and that the children displayed fewer incidences of aggressive behavior, especially when compared to children who experienced longer stints in the status quo group home.

The study was published in International Perspectives in Psychology. (ANI)

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 29 (ANI): A new research suggests that parents who play Pokemon Go with their kids report a number of side benefits such as including increased exercise, more time spent outdoors and opportunities for family bonding.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 29 (ANI): PyotrIlyich Tchaikovsky's classical ballet 'Swan Lake', one of classical ballet's most beloved pieces, is set to come alive on the Indian stage as NavrasaDuende, a leading production house, announces to collaborate with Moscow-based Royal Russian Ballet and enthral the Indian audience.

Full Story >>

Philadelphia [US], Mar. 28 (ANI): Mural Arts Philadelphia has created thousands of murals over its more than 30-year history, and each one has a unique story, connecting communities through public art. In 2017, Mural Arts has added new opportunities to hear some of those stories first-hand on several tours that visit a wide swath of neighborhoods across the City of Philadelphia.

Full Story >>

London [UK], Mar. 28 (ANI): While finding a perfect partner seems like a tough job to many, the fact is, the effort that needs to be put in retaining that partner can be a painstaking process.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 28 (ANI): The 2017 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival lineup is now official, and this year's two-weekend extravaganza at the Empire Polo Club in Indio is sure to be one for the ages, with Radiohead, Lady Gaga and Kendrick Lamar headlining the performances between April 14 and April 23.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 28 (ANI): In an emphatic show of courage and hope, survivors of acid attack victims recently took to the ramp at a unique fashion show at the India Showcase Week, demolishing stigma and redefining the concept of beauty.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 28 (ANI): From getting your child ready for school to sorting the daily chores- mornings are super hectic for women, especially the working ones.

Full Story >>

This summer, enjoy sweat-free workout

Updated: Mar 28, 2017 12:41 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 28 (ANI): As summer draws close, Reebok has yet again come up with an exciting range of its ActivChill apparel for a more sweat-free workout!

Full Story >>

New Delhi, Mar.28 (ANI): Cuemath, the premier program for 'math excellence' for students in KG to grade 8 organized a prestigious one day event to honour its wide network of Cuemath Teachers in Delhi recently.

Full Story >>

London [UK], Mar. 28 (ANI): With progress in technology, people's view towards things change, of course on a positive note.

Full Story >>

London [UK], Mar. 28 (ANI): From our very young age, we're told cheating is wrong and we should all be faithful to our partners.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 28 (ANI): If you have a particular tree nut allergy, then generally you are being asked to avoid every kind of nuts.

Full Story >>

London [UK], Mar. 28 (ANI): Does your boss nag and expect a lot from you? Here's a solution to keep up to their expectations- take a power nap in the afternoon!

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 27 (ANI): From neighborhood boutique hotels to luxury hotels that are five-star, five diamond retreats; it's easy to fall in love with Beverly Hills.

Full Story >>

Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 27 (ANI): A study finds that people who are exposed more to entertainment television are less cognitively sophisticated and socio-politically engaged, suggesting the reason as to why populist politicians come to power.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar 27 (ANI): If Sleeping Beauty were here today in a fairytale adventure in India, she would probably attribute her sound sleep to Springfit Mattresses. No wonder, the Indian brand has chosen the sultry Bipasha Basu and her better half Karan Singh Grover as the Brand Ambassadors of Springfit Mattresses' and launched the Young and Trendy Autograph Collection along with a TVC shoot for the brand at Film City at the hands of the power couple alongside Nitin Gupta, Executive Director, Springfield Mattresses and SK Malhotra, Head, Sales and Marketing of the brand.

Full Story >>

Video games help to fight depression?

Updated: Mar 27, 2017 12:32 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 27 (ANI): Do you know video game can be an effective treatment if your child is undergoing depression?

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 27 (ANI): If you are much into watching entertainment channels on TV, then according to a study, you are more likely to vote for populist politicians.

Full Story >>

Choose sunscreen according to your skin tone

Updated: Mar 27, 2017 09:46 IST

New Delhi [India], Mar. 27 (ANI): Sun protection is essential throughout the year, but it gets yet more important during the summers. Protecting the skin from excessive exposure is the only way to prevent it from aging, sun burns, and skin discoloration. The ultimate solution of any sun protection regimen is the proper and regular use of a high SPF sunscreen.

Full Story >>