Wed, Feb 22, 2017 | updated 07:21 PM IST

Impact of "American Dream" in changing global order

Updated: Aug 28, 2016 08:33 IST

New Delhi [India], Aug.28 (ANI): Manan Dwivedi has presented in the book a comprehensive study of the American Dream, from the early days of the Mayflower Pact and the American Bill of Rights to the present day. The book presents the changes in U.S. foreign policy and the impact of the United States on world affairs.

The book also presents a study of the impact of the role the United States played on the American society itself, including the impact on literature and films.

According to Dwivedi, America, the ideal amalgamation all imaginable races and ethnic clusters was considered the land of milk and honey, but it also saw racial discrimination and gun culture.

The author has studied the impact of the United States on major events that happened since its founding in different parts of the world and their impact on the American society itself.

Major events have been the first and second world wars. Of interest is the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour and the US Army's role in World War II, both in Europe and in East Asia. The author has pointed out that following Pearl Harbour and D -Day, U S aircraft factories built nearly seventy thousand planes per year.

After the conclusion of the Second World War, the United States was engaged in a Cold War with the Soviet Union.

The United States fought bitter battles during the Korean War and the Vietnam conflict. In Vietnam, It suffered casualties which made an impact on the American society itself.

The author has pointed out that the coverage of the war in Vietnam shook the American dream. It vehemently challenged and encouraged the counter-war movement in the United States. Hollywood too played its own part in the Vietnam War era.

The Vietnam War was also the American first television war. War correspondents covered the battles held during the war, and because of the impact of such coverage the U S changed its policy and started the policy of having embedded journalists. The My Lai massacre has remained an ugly stain in the history of the West and the battlefields of Vietnam are remembered as the 'Killing Fields" for the American forces.

The author has made a detailed study of the US policy in regional security in West Asia. The film Lawrence of Arabia, presents a narrative of the Western role in the region. The Iran Hostage crisis in the year 1979, the effort to control sources of oil, or 'black gold' gave rise to many actions.

A fundamentalist vacuum was created in Iraq after the American action in Iraq and the death of Saddam Hussein in December 2003 and the situation has not settled down. Dwivedi has made a study of the rise of ISIS and its role in Jehad.

In the Hollywood construct Mad Max the raging fury of the male protagonist Mel Gibson is symptomatic of the American Marines and Seals which seek to find redemption after the demise of Saddam Hussein.

The book has sections on India, South America, and Afghanistan. The Soviet occupation of Afghanistan was followed by action by the Western Powers to evict them in which Pakistan played a major role. The exit of the Soviet Union gave rise to the Taliban, and Al Qaeda and was followed by the attack on World Trade Towers in New York, which saw U S action against terrorism in Afghanistan, and involvement of Pakistan.

The Navy Seal action in Abbottabad led to the assassination of Al Qaeda Supremo Osama bin Laden which had an impact on U S policy in the region.

Dwivedi has presented a detailed study of the Cuban crisis and the letters exchanged between President Kennedy and Nikita Krushchev.

As far as India is concerned, there have been changes in the American foreign policy from the days of Jawaharlal Nehru. Initially, India as a leader of the Non-Aligned Movement had a cold relationship following the American military aid to Pakistan, following its membership of pacts with the West against the Soviet Union, to which Jawaharlal Nehru quipped "I have never heard of a gun that fires only in one direction."

The U S help to India following the Chinese aggression in 1962 had a positive impact. But the stand taken by India during the uprising in East Pakistan and the emergence of Bangladesh gave rise to a confrontationist trajectory.

The U S reaction to the Indian explosion of a nuclear device in Pokhran resulted in a slew of American sanctions on India. But changes and arrangements are being worked out with the operators and the corporates residing in the United States. The April 2016 nuclear security summit brings out a convergence in the realm of nuclear terrorism.

Dwivedi points out that the Indian Diaspora too has played a significant role in the firming of nuclear cooperation agreement between both the nations. The films "My name is Khan and I am not a Terrorist" and "Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Gam " makes the Indian expatriates in United States part of the moral fibre of the kind and welcoming nation.

President Obama, during his first term, deleted American insistence of mediating on Kashmir as part of the official American policy. . President Obama has realised that India prefers to tackle Kashmir bilaterally devoid of any international mediation and arbitration. There have been positive signals since the visit to India by President Obama attending the Republic Day parade in Delhi and Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressing the US Congress in June 2016. The 'shadows of hesitancy which have generally mired the India-US relationship, have become a part of the hoary past and it has been supinely replaced by the three C's of "convenience, candour and convergence", says Dwivedi.

The book would be of interest to Indians who want to understand the American mind, and also to Americans who want to see how the world looks at them. America beckons "serendipity "

Book Review: Serendipity and the American Dream, United States' Foreign Policy in a Changing Global Order , by Manan Dwivedi, pages 306, Pentagon Press, Price Rs 1295/

Mr. I. Ramamohan Rao is a former Principal Information Officer of the Government of India. He can be reached on his e-mail (ANI)

Hyderabad [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on Wednesday arrested Syed Burhanuddin from Hyderabad in the Chhattisgarh bribery case.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India] Feb. 22 (ANI): Hours after Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) president Amit Shah devised the 'Kasab' remark for representing Congress, Samajwadi Party, and Bahujan Samaj Party, Congress on Wednesday said the former's statement shows the saffron party's communal mindset.

Full Story >>

Indore (Madhya Pradesh) [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): A Passport Seva Laghu Kendra (PSLK) was inaugurated here on February 22 by Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan.

Full Story >>

New Delhi[India], Feb.22 (ANI): A Mumbai-based woman's online petition has prompted women and child development minister Maneka Gandhi to take strict measures against "abnormally high rate" of C-section deliveries in India.

Full Story >>

Chauri Chaura (Uttar Pradesh) [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): Ahead of the fourth phase of Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) president Amit Shah on Wednesday devised 'KASAB' as an acronym for describing Congress, Samajwadi Party (SP) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP).

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb 22 (ANI): Congress president Sonia Gandhi, who has been absent from the recent political campaign in the ongoing Uttar Pradesh assembly polls, on Wednesday issued a statement against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), slamming it for taking away the 'happiness of the people'.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): Indian Naval Ship (INS) Viraat, which was first commissioned in the Indian Navy on May 12, 1987, will be decommissioned from service on March 6.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): The Delhi High Court on Wednesday adjourned the hearing over the Central Bureau of Investigation's (CBI) bail cancellation plea against former Indian Air Force (IAF) chief S.P. Tyagi and others in the Agusta Westland case till March 15.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India] Feb. 22 (ANI): The Enforcement Directorate is unwilling to accept proposal of controversial Islamic preacher Zakir Naik, seeking to record statement and respond to summons via video conferencing or e-mail, said sources.

Full Story >>

Pune (Maharashtra) [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): A spiceJet flight, which was to fly from Pune to Delhi, on Wednesday was delayed for six hours after its windscreen was found broken.

Full Story >>

Bhojpur (Uttar Pradesh) [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): A Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court on Wednesday sentenced four Uttar Pradesh cops including a Station House Officer to life imprisonment in the Ghaziabad fake encounter case.

Full Story >>

Srinagar [India], Feb.22, (ANI): Rejuvenating the culture of library, Jammu and Kashmir government on Wednesday launched E-learning program by installing computers in the state's public libraries, thus assisting students to prepare for competitive exams like JEE, CET and so on.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India] Feb. 22 (ANI): Minister of State for External Affairs M J Akbar visited Maldives on February 21-22 to reiterate India's support for a stable, democratic, peaceful and prosperous Maldives fulfilling the aspirations of its citizens.

Full Story >>

SYL canal row: SC defers hearing till March 2

Updated: Feb 22, 2017 16:56 IST

New Delhi [India] Feb. 22 (ANI): The Supreme Court on Wednesday refused the Punjab government's plea seeking to postpone the Sutlej Yamuna Link (SYL) Canal issue after March 11 and deferred the matter for further hearing till March 2.

Full Story >>

Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh) [India] Feb. 22 (ANI): Congress workers on Wednesday staged a protest against the Madhya Pradesh government outside Vidhan Sabha in Bhopal over various issues, including the ISI espionage case.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): The Supreme Court on Wednesday asked the local bodies and the state governments to set up effluent treatment plants for industrial areas within six months in connection with a plea on industrial wastage and dumping issue.

Full Story >>

Faizabad (Uttar Pradesh) [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): Continuing her tirade against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) chief Mayawati on Wednesday dubbed the saffron party as the 'Bharatiya Jumla Party', while reiterating her claim that provision of reservation to the underprivileged would come to an end as soon as the BJP comes to power in Uttar Pradesh.

Full Story >>

PETA to move SC against Jallikattu, Kambala

Updated: Feb 22, 2017 16:29 IST

New Delhi [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): In a bid to put an end to the bull-taming sport of Tamil Nadu, Jallikattu, and the buffalo race of Karnataka, Kambala, the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) on Wednesday said it will move the Supreme Court challenging the legislation passed by the assemblies of both states for having allowed these sports.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): The Delhi High Court (HC) on Wednesday reserved its stay order on the nursery admission notification of the Delhi Government and will pronounce its order on February 27.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Feb. 22 (ANI): The government has given its approval for signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Australia for promotion and development of cooperation in civil aviation security.

Full Story >>