Thu, Jun 29, 2017 | updated 12:42 AM IST

Impact of "American Dream" in changing global order

Updated: Aug 28, 2016 08:33 IST      
Impact of "American Dream" in changing global order

New Delhi [India], Aug.28 (ANI): Manan Dwivedi has presented in the book a comprehensive study of the American Dream, from the early days of the Mayflower Pact and the American Bill of Rights to the present day. The book presents the changes in U.S. foreign policy and the impact of the United States on world affairs.

The book also presents a study of the impact of the role the United States played on the American society itself, including the impact on literature and films.

According to Dwivedi, America, the ideal amalgamation all imaginable races and ethnic clusters was considered the land of milk and honey, but it also saw racial discrimination and gun culture.

The author has studied the impact of the United States on major events that happened since its founding in different parts of the world and their impact on the American society itself.

Major events have been the first and second world wars. Of interest is the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour and the US Army's role in World War II, both in Europe and in East Asia. The author has pointed out that following Pearl Harbour and D -Day, U S aircraft factories built nearly seventy thousand planes per year.

After the conclusion of the Second World War, the United States was engaged in a Cold War with the Soviet Union.

The United States fought bitter battles during the Korean War and the Vietnam conflict. In Vietnam, It suffered casualties which made an impact on the American society itself.

The author has pointed out that the coverage of the war in Vietnam shook the American dream. It vehemently challenged and encouraged the counter-war movement in the United States. Hollywood too played its own part in the Vietnam War era.

The Vietnam War was also the American first television war. War correspondents covered the battles held during the war, and because of the impact of such coverage the U S changed its policy and started the policy of having embedded journalists. The My Lai massacre has remained an ugly stain in the history of the West and the battlefields of Vietnam are remembered as the 'Killing Fields" for the American forces.

The author has made a detailed study of the US policy in regional security in West Asia. The film Lawrence of Arabia, presents a narrative of the Western role in the region. The Iran Hostage crisis in the year 1979, the effort to control sources of oil, or 'black gold' gave rise to many actions.

A fundamentalist vacuum was created in Iraq after the American action in Iraq and the death of Saddam Hussein in December 2003 and the situation has not settled down. Dwivedi has made a study of the rise of ISIS and its role in Jehad.

In the Hollywood construct Mad Max the raging fury of the male protagonist Mel Gibson is symptomatic of the American Marines and Seals which seek to find redemption after the demise of Saddam Hussein.

The book has sections on India, South America, and Afghanistan. The Soviet occupation of Afghanistan was followed by action by the Western Powers to evict them in which Pakistan played a major role. The exit of the Soviet Union gave rise to the Taliban, and Al Qaeda and was followed by the attack on World Trade Towers in New York, which saw U S action against terrorism in Afghanistan, and involvement of Pakistan.

The Navy Seal action in Abbottabad led to the assassination of Al Qaeda Supremo Osama bin Laden which had an impact on U S policy in the region.

Dwivedi has presented a detailed study of the Cuban crisis and the letters exchanged between President Kennedy and Nikita Krushchev.

As far as India is concerned, there have been changes in the American foreign policy from the days of Jawaharlal Nehru. Initially, India as a leader of the Non-Aligned Movement had a cold relationship following the American military aid to Pakistan, following its membership of pacts with the West against the Soviet Union, to which Jawaharlal Nehru quipped "I have never heard of a gun that fires only in one direction."

The U S help to India following the Chinese aggression in 1962 had a positive impact. But the stand taken by India during the uprising in East Pakistan and the emergence of Bangladesh gave rise to a confrontationist trajectory.

The U S reaction to the Indian explosion of a nuclear device in Pokhran resulted in a slew of American sanctions on India. But changes and arrangements are being worked out with the operators and the corporates residing in the United States. The April 2016 nuclear security summit brings out a convergence in the realm of nuclear terrorism.

Dwivedi points out that the Indian Diaspora too has played a significant role in the firming of nuclear cooperation agreement between both the nations. The films "My name is Khan and I am not a Terrorist" and "Kabhi Khushi Kabhi Gam " makes the Indian expatriates in United States part of the moral fibre of the kind and welcoming nation.

President Obama, during his first term, deleted American insistence of mediating on Kashmir as part of the official American policy. . President Obama has realised that India prefers to tackle Kashmir bilaterally devoid of any international mediation and arbitration. There have been positive signals since the visit to India by President Obama attending the Republic Day parade in Delhi and Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressing the US Congress in June 2016. The 'shadows of hesitancy which have generally mired the India-US relationship, have become a part of the hoary past and it has been supinely replaced by the three C's of "convenience, candour and convergence", says Dwivedi.

The book would be of interest to Indians who want to understand the American mind, and also to Americans who want to see how the world looks at them. America beckons "serendipity "

Book Review: Serendipity and the American Dream, United States' Foreign Policy in a Changing Global Order , by Manan Dwivedi, pages 306, Pentagon Press, Price Rs 1295/

Mr. I. Ramamohan Rao is a former Principal Information Officer of the Government of India. He can be reached on his e-mail (ANI)

First batch of Amarnath pilgrims reach Baltal camp

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 23:31 IST     

Baltal (Jammu and Kashmir) [India] June 28 (ANI): The first batch of Amarnath pilgrims reached Baltal base camp in Jammu and Kashmir on Wednesday.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], June 28 (ANI): Union Minister Piyush Goyal on Wednesday said that he welcomes NITI Ayog's suggestion of splitting seven units of state-controlled Coal India Ltd into independent companies to make it more competitive, however, added that no such proposal has been made.

Full Story >>

Lucknow [India], June. 28 (ANI): Ahead of the implementation of the Goods & Service Tax (GST) reform, the Uttar Pradesh Government is making all efforts to solve the problems faced by the trading circles for which it held a meeting with the traders on Wednesday.

Full Story >>

Army Chief to visit Sikkim tomorrow amid Chinese aggression

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 22:27 IST     

New Delhi [India] June 28 (ANI): Army Chief General Bipin Rawat will start his two-day northeast visit from Sikkim on Thursday.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], June 28 (ANI): The Delhi High Court on Wednesday commuted the death sentence of 31- year-old Sonu Sardar to life imprisonment.

Full Story >>

Trinamool to boycott GST rollout in Parliament

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 22:17 IST     

New Delhi [India] June 28 (ANI): The Trinamool Congress (TMC) party led by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Thursday announced to boycott the special sitting of Parliament on the midnight of June 30 to rollout the Goods and Services Tax (GST) where President Pranab Mukherjee will also be present along with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], June. 28 (ANI): Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his visit to Israel next week is expected to meet Moshe, survivor of 2008 Mumbai 26/11 terrorist attack.

Full Story >>

Mandsaur (Madhya Pradesh), June 28 (ANI): One more farmer in volatile region of Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh on Wednesday committed suicide, taking the number of deaths in the state in past 18 days to 36.

Full Story >>

PM Modi's two-day Gujarat visit starts tomorrow

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 20:41 IST     

New Delhi [India] June 28, 2017 (ANI): Prime Minister Narendra Modi is reaching Gujarat on Thursday on a two-day visit to take part in various programmes in Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Modasa and Gandhinagar.

Full Story >>

Dehradun continue on alert after incessant rainfall

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 20:24 IST     

Dehradun (Uttarakhand) [India] June 28, (ANI): The meteorological department on Wednesday continued its alert for 'heavy rains' in the hilly districts of Uttarakhand.

Full Story >>

MP: Lightning kills five in Dindori

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 20:24 IST     

Dindori (Madhya Pradesh) [India] June 28,(ANI): Five people were killed and one sustained injured after being struck by lightning in Dindori on Wednesday.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India] June 28, 2017 (ANI): The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday announced handsome increase in allowances by allowing recommendations of the Seventh Central Pay Commission (CPC) on allowances with 34 modifications.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], June 28 (ANI): The Union Cabinet on Wednesday gave an in-principle approval for disinvestment of Air India.

Full Story >>

Mayurbhanj (Odisha) [India], June 28(ANI): In a bizarre incident, four Home Guards, including a female cop were asked to kneel down with their hands up in punishment for wearing improper uniform in Odisha's Mayurbhanj district.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], June 28(ANI): The Delhi High Court on Wednesday granted custody parole to Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) leader Ajay Chautala, a teachers' recruitment scam convict, to attend his niece's wedding scheduled today.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India] June 28 (ANI): The Congress party on Wednesday said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi compromised India's security and sovereignty in the United States by keeping mum after Jammu and Kashmir was termed as 'Indian Administrated Jammu and Kashmir' by the U.S. government.

Full Story >>

Historic: PM Modi first Indian PM to visit Israel

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 18:50 IST     

New Delhi [India], June. 28 (ANI): Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Israel from July 4-6, at the invitation of his Israeli counterpart Benjamin Netanyahu.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], June 28 (ANI): Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting M. Venkaiah Naidu on Wednesday informed that Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti has also extended her support to Centre's nominee Ram Nath Kovind for the post of President.

Full Story >>

Debt-ridden farmer commits suicide in MP's Morena

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 18:30 IST     

Morena (Madhya Pradesh) [India], June 28(ANI): A debt-ridden farmer allegedly committed suicide by jumping in front of a train in Poras area of Madhya Pradesh's Morena district.

Full Story >>

Four more accused arrested in Ballabhgarh lynching case

Updated: Jun 28, 2017 18:29 IST     

Ballabhgarh (Haryana) [India], June 28 (ANI): Four more accused have been arrested in the Ballabhgarh lynching case, in which 16-year-old Hafiz Junaid was lynched and three others injured.

Full Story >>