Thu, Mar 23, 2017 | updated 11:48 AM IST

Indus Water Treaty: Mutual trust, cooperation between both sides important, says India

Updated: Sep 22, 2016 21:24 IST

New Delhi [India], Sept. 22 (ANI): Amid increasing speculations that India may revisit the 1960 Indus Water Treaty with Pakistan in the wake of the Uri terror attack, Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) spokesperson Vikas Swarup on Thursday said any such treaties to work it is important that there must be mutual trust and cooperation between both the sides as it cannot be a one-sided affair.

Swarup emphasised, "After all, the preamble of the treaty itself says it is based on goodwill."

"There are differences between India and Pakistan over implementation of the Indus Waters Treaty, which stood for 56 years, but this is an issue which is being addressed bilaterally. But let me make a basic point: eventually any cooperative arrangement requires goodwill and mutual trust on both sides," he added.

The Preamble the 1960 Indus Water Treaty reads as: "The Government of India and the Government of Pakistan, being equally desirous of attaining the most complete and satisfactory utilisation of the waters of the Indus system of rivers and recognising the need, therefore, of fixing and delimiting, in a spirit of 'goodwill and friendship', the rights and obligations of each in relation to the other concerning the use of these waters and of making provision for the settlement, in a cooperative spirit, of all such questions as may hereafter arise in regard to the interpretation or application of the provisions agreed upon herein, have resolved to conclude a Treaty in furtherance of these objectives."

Brief provisions of Indus Waters Treaty 1960

i. The Indus system of rivers comprises three Eastern Rivers (Ravi, Beas and Sutlej and their tributaries) and three Western Rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab and their tributaries).

ii. The Indus Waters Treaty 1960 was signed on September 19, 1960 between India and Pakistan. It is however effective from April 1, 1960.

iii. Under the Treaty, the waters of Eastern Rivers are allocated to India. India is under obligation to let flow the waters of the Western Rivers except for the following uses:

(a) Domestic use,

(b) Non-consumptive use,

(c) Agricultural use as specified,

(d) Generation of hydro-electric power as specified

iv. India has been permitted to construct storage of water on Western Rivers up to 3.6 MAF for various purposes. No storage has been developed so far.

v. India has been permitted Agricultural Use of 7,01,000 acres over and above the Irrigated Cropped Area (ICA) as on 1.4.60. Out of this additional ICA of 7, 01,000 acres, only 2, 70,000 can be developed (i.e. a total ICA of 9,12,477 acres including that on 1.4.1960) till storages are constructed and 0.5 MAF of water is released there from every year. ICA during 2011-12 was 7, 84,955 acres.

vi. Under the Treaty, India and Pakistan have each created a permanent post of Commissioner for Indus Waters. They together constitute the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC), which is entrusted with the implementation of the Treaty. The PIC is required to hold meetings and tours and submit report on its work to the two Governments every year. It has held 117 tours and 110 meetings so far.

vii. Both sides are required to exchange information related to river flows observed by them, not later than three months of their observation and to exchange specified information on Agricultural Use every year.

viii. India is under obligation to supply information of its storage and hydroelectric projects as specified.

viii. India communicates as a gesture of goodwill, flood data to Pakistan from July 1 to October 10 every year, to enable them to undertake advance flood relief measures. The arrangement is reviewed every year.

ix. The Commissioners may discuss the questions arising under the Treaty under Article IX of the Treaty related to Settlement of Differences and Disputes and in the case of non-resolution, take further action under this Article for resolution through a Neutral Expert, negotiators or Court of Arbitration.

A Neutral Expert appointed by World Bank on Pakistan's request delivered Expert Determination on Baglihar Hydroelectric project in 2007. On request of Pakistan, to resolve the issues of Kishenganga HE project, a seven member Court of Arbitration was set up in 2010. The Court has given its final award on 20 December, 2013. (ANI)

Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh) [India] Mar. 23 (ANI): Terror suspects Atif and Danish were on Thursday arrested by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) in connection with the Lucknow terror operation.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday approved setting up of National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (NSEBC) as a Constitutional body.

Full Story >>

Bastar (Chhattisgarh), Mar.22 (ANI): The Maoists in Chhattisgarh's Bastar region have given a call for nationwide shutdown on March 29.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): A woman allegedly committed suicide by hanging herself at the Kashmere Gate metro station here on Thursday.

Full Story >>

Chennai (Tamil Nadu) [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) will on Tuesday move a no-confidence notice against Speaker P Dhanapal.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar 23 (ANI): Slamming Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh for not being able to take concrete action against his cabinet colleague Navjot Singh Sidhu who has refused to quit his television career, the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) on Thursday said that the cricketer-turned politician holds a post which requires 24 hour presence.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): Pakistan High Commissioner to India, Abdul Basit, on the occasion of Pakistan Day celebrations here expressed Islamabad's desire to have good relations with India as well as to address the Kashmir issue.

Full Story >>

Agartala (Tripura) [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): In a bid to cement mutual bonhomie, a joint cycling expedition of Indian Army and Bangladesh Army, first of its type, was recently flagged off from the Agartala military station.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): Condemning the recent terror attack outside the Houses of Parliament in London, President Pranab Mukherjee on Thursday said terrorism must be met through collective action by the international community.

Full Story >>

Mumbai (Maharashtra), Mar. 24 (ANI): Thousands of patients have been left to suffer and bear inconvenience at public hospitals as the resident doctors of Maharashtra continued their strike for the fourth day.

Full Story >>

Mumbai (Maharashtra) [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): At a time when protesting doctors were about to end their agitation, yet another attack on a resident colleague took place last night by a patient's relatives at city's Sion Hospital.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): Condemning the recent terror attack outside the Houses of Parliament in London, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday said India stands with the United Kingdom in the fight against terrorism.

Full Story >>

Mumbai/New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): Hailing newly-elected Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath's directive to ban pan masala in the government offices, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Wednesday said the decision was a positive step and should be taken in the correct perspective.

Full Story >>

Bengaluru/New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): Close on the heels of Congress leader S.M. Krishna joining the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the grand old party said his ouster from the party was not loss for them.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): Day after former Congress leader S.M. Krishna joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) dubbed his decision as 'opportunism' saying that a person of his reputation was not expected to be disloyal and selfish.

Full Story >>

Patna/New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): The Janata Dal (United) on Wednesday hailed newly-elected Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath's decision to ban 'pan masala' in the government premises in the state.

Full Story >>

Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Mar. 23 (ANI): Welcoming the Election Commission of India's (ECI) move to freeze the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) election symbol, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) on Thursday said V.K. Sasikala's faction had tried to illegally usurp the office of party general secretary.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): The Supreme Court will today continue the hearing on the plea filed by NGO Common Cause seeking complete ban on the illegal mining across Odisha.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): The Supreme Court will today continue the hearing in connection with the plea of Indian Hotels Company Limited (IHCL) against the Delhi High court order allowing the New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) to auction the Taj Mansingh Hotel, located in the Lutyen's zone.

Full Story >>

New Delhi [India], Mar. 23 (ANI): The Supreme Court will today hear the conspiracy charges against Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders Lal Krishna Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and Uma Bharti in connection with the 1992 Babri Masjid demolition case.

Full Story >>