Calicut (Kerala), [India], Sept. 24 (ANI
): Jammu and Kashmir Deputy Chief Minister Nirmal Singh
on Saturday said a rethink was required on the Indus Water Treaty, 1960, as Pakistan has been consistent in not respecting it.
"The Indus Water treaty has been an issue since its inception. Jammu and Kashmir believes that it is at a loss and the concessions given to Pakistan are more than it should have been given. It is a good thing that rethinking on this issue has been initiated by the central government and it conveys a positive message to Jammu and Kashmir," he said.
The Indus Waters Treaty is a water-sharing arrangement signed by former Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
and martial law administrator General Ayub Khan
on September 19, 1960, in Karachi. It covers the water distribution and sharing rights of six rivers -- Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum. The agreement was brokered by the World Bank
The agreement was signed because the source of all the rivers of the Indus Basin were in India (Indus and Sutlej, though, originate in China). It allowed India to use them for irrigation, transport and power generation, while laying down precise do's and don'ts for India on building projects along the way.
Singh also maintained that the Central Government is rethinking on the treaty which would send a positive message to the people of Jammu and Kashmir
The treaty gave the three "eastern rivers" of Beas, Ravi and Sutlej to India for use of water without restriction. The three "western rivers" of Indus, Chenab and Jhelum were allocated to Pakistan. India can construct storage facilities on "western rivers" of up to 3.6 million acre feet, which it has not done so far. India is also allowed agriculture use of 7 lakh acres above the irrigated cropped area as on April 1, 1960.
Under the treaty, the waters of the eastern rivers have been allocated to India and New Delhi is under obligation to let the waters of the western rivers flow, except for certain consumptive use, with Pakistan getting 80% of the water.
According to the United Nations, the 1960 Indus Water Treaty
has survived three wars and is a source of cooperation, not just conflict.
should be declared terrorist state and all types of move should be performed to combat the situation," he added. (ANI