Pollutants linked to 450 percent increase in risk of birth defects

   Oct 20, 12:49 pm

Washington, Oct 20 (ANI): Pesticides and coal and oil pollutants increase the risk of certain birth defects including spina bifida and anencephaly by an alarming 450 percent in rural China, a new research has revealed.

According to scientists at The University of Texas at Austin and Peking University, two of the pesticides found in high concentrations in the placentas of affected newborns and stillborn fetuses were endosulfan and lindane.

Endosulfan is only now being phased out in the United States for treatment of cotton, potatoes, tomatoes and apples. Lindane was only recently banned in the United States for treatment of barley, corn, oats, rye, sorghum and wheat seeds.

Strong associations were also found between spina bifida and anencephaly and high concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are byproducts of burning fossil fuels such as oil and coal. Spina bifida is a defect in which the backbone and spinal canal do not close before birth. Anencephaly is the absence of a large part of the brain and skull.

"Our advanced industrialized societies have unleashed upon us a lot of pollutants," says Richard Finnell, professor of nutritional sciences and director of genomic research at the Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas.

"We've suspected for a while that some of these pollutants are related to an increase in birth defects, but we haven't always had the evidence to show it. Here we quite clearly showed that the concentration of compounds from pesticides and coal-burning are much higher in the placentas of cases with neural tube defects than in controls."

The study has been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (ANI)

Binge drinking in early adulthood can lead to increased risk of high BP in men Oct 22, 12:42 pm
Washington, Oct 22 (ANI): A new study has revealed that binge drinking in early adulthood is associated with an increased likelihood of high blood pressure in males.
Full Story
How flu vaccines may help prevent heart attacks Oct 22, 12:02 pm
London, Oct 22 (ANI): A new study has revealed the molecular mechanism which determines how flu vaccines may be helpful in preventing heart attacks.
Full Story
Soon, a blood biomarker to help spot lung cancer Oct 22, 10:50 am
Washington, Oct 22 (ANI): Doctors may very soon be able to detect lung cancer early in its stage with help of a blood biomarker.
Full Story
People with stress-related inflammation likelier to suffer from depression Oct 21, 2:54 pm
Washington, Oct 21 (ANI): A new study has indicated that stress- related inflammation might lead to an increase in the risk of depression.
Full Story
Comments

LATEST STORIES
TOP VIDEO STORIES
PHOTO GALLERY