Arm length 'may be reason why women need reading glasses sooner than men'Jun 23, 10:16 am
Washington, June 23 (ANI): Women require reading glasses or bifocal lenses earlier than men due to factors other than focusing ability, such as arm length or preferred reading distance, which should be considered when prescribing readers or bifocals, a new study has revealed.The new evidence was found by a team of researchers who performed a meta-analysis using nine cross-sectional studies to compare the prevalence and magnitude of presbyopia, commonly described as the loss of near vision that occurs with age, among men and women. The researchers further subdivided the analysis to determine what differences in presbyopia might exist between men and women.While the results of a subgroup of studies showed that there was no significant gender-related difference in the eye's ability to focus clearly on objects at near distances, the overall analysis provided evidence that women have a need for higher power reading glasses or bifocals than men of an equivalent age. According to the researchers, this discrepancy is likely due to differences in preferred reading distances or arm length as women tend to hold reading materials closer than men do."These findings could impact global vision care in multiple ways," Hickenbotham said."The findings reinforce the need for presbyopia correction programs for women - a group that often has greater unmet vision needs in developing countries. It also points out that presbyopia is a multi-factorial problem and requires solutions that are tailored to each individual," Hickenbotham said.While the researchers urge clinicians to do more than measure the eye's ability to focus when diagnosing presbyopia, they also suggest more carefully performed studies be conducted that better isolate and measure the various factors that contribute to its development. In particular, the paper states longitudinal studies that consider the interaction between the preferred reading distance and the change in accommodative amplitude across time for males and females could help determine to what extent biological factors or environmental factors plays a role in the loss of focusing ability with increasing age.he study has been published in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. (ANI)
Lone copy of Magna Carta in US displayed in new museum gallery Dec 12, 3:39 pm
Washington, Dec. 12 (ANI): Magna Carta's only exiting copy in America has been showcased in a new museum exhibit at the National Archives along with other documents, images, films showing the evolution of US rights and freedoms for African-Americans, women and immigrants.Full Story »
Girls from single-sex schools feel pressurized to act like 'typical females' Dec 12, 3:39 pm
Washington, Dec. 12 (ANI): A new Concordia University study has found that the pressure to stick to gender roles is stronger in girls-only schools, where they feel the strain to act like 'typical girls', than in co-ed schools.Full Story »
48% Americans opposed to scrapping of ban on cellphone use in flights Dec 12, 3:12 pm
Washington, Dec. 12 (ANI): A majority of Americans are reportedly opposed to the idea of aviation authorities allowing cellphone use during flights, a new study has revealed.Full Story »
What the 'perfect female face' looks like revealed Dec 12, 2:47 pm
Melbourne, Dec. 12 (ANI): In an attempt to understand the centuries-old fascination with the 'perfect female face', researchers asked men and women to use facial features of celebs to describe the face that they consider ideal.Full Story »
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