Washington D.C. [U.S.A.], October 27 (ANI): According to a recent study, a kidney transplant prolongs the lives of not only those patients, who have recently initiated dialysis, but also those who have been undergoing dialysis for more than a decade.
John Gill, from the University of British Columbia and Vancouver's Providence Health Care, and his colleagues, examined whether patients, who receive transplants after a prolonged treatment with dialysis derive a similar survival benefit as those who undergo transplantation earlier.
"Because of the recent changes in the allocation policy, patients not previously wait-listed for many years can rapidly access transplantation if they are referred for it and accepted onto a waiting list," said Dr. Gill.
The researchers suspected that the benefit might not be the same because pre-transplant dialysis exposure is associated with inferior post-transplant kidney survival.
The team analysed 5,365 patients and determined the risk of death in recipients of a deceased donor kidney transplant after 10 or more years of dialysis treatment compared with wait-listed patients, who continued to undergo dialysis.
The patients were followed for at least five years.
Transplant recipients were at a higher risk of death for 180 days after transplantation, however, and they did not derive survival benefit until 657 days after transplantation, despite receiving good quality kidneys.
The research appeared in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. (ANI)