Washington D.C. [USA], Jan. 14 (ANI): A study has recently found that early anxiety and disorders of attention or behaviour are two patterns of psychiatric symptoms that may help to identify young people at increased risk of developing bipolar disorder (BD).
According to researchers, early signs of BD can fall into a relatively characteristic "homotypic" pattern, consisting mainly of symptoms or other features associated with mood disorders; or a "heterotypic" pattern of other symptoms including anxiety and disruptive behaviour.
Environmental risk factors and exposures can also contribute to BD risk.
The team analysed data from 39 studies of prodromal symptoms and risk factors for later development of BD.
The evidence reviewed suggested two patterns of early symptoms that "precede and predict" later BD.
The study findings also associate several other factors with an increased risk of developing BD, including preterm birth, head injury, drug exposures (especially cocaine), physical or sexual abuse and other forms of stress.
However, for most of these risk factors, both sensitivity and specificity are low.
The research is published in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry journal. (ANI)