Washington D.C. [USA], Dec. 6 (ANI): Good news for people who wish to eat fat and lose weight at the same time, as team of researchers has identified a pathway to prevent fat cells">fat cells from growing larger that leads to weight gain and obesity.
According to researchers from Washington University in St. Louis U.S., by activating Hedgehog pathway in fat cells">fat cells in mice they could feed the animals a high-fat diet without making them obese.
Senior investigator Fanxin Long said this could lead them to a new therapeutic target for treating obesity.
"What's particularly important is that the animals in our study ate a high-fat diet but didn't gain weight, and in people, too much fat in the diet is a common cause of obesity," Long added.
They explained that fat gain is due mainly to increased fat cell size and each fat cell grows bigger so that it can hold larger fat droplets. A person gains weight mainly because fat cells">fat cells get bigger, as opposed to having more fat cells">fat cells.
He focused on the so-called Hedgehog protein pathway that is active in many tissues in the body.
The results suggested that after eight weeks of eating the high-fat diet, control animals whose Hedgehog pathways had not been activated became obese.
But the mice that had been engineered with genes to activate the pathway did not gain any more weight than did control animals that consumed normal diets.
People with obesity have an increased risk for stroke, heart attack, diabetes and cancer.
The research appears in the journal eLife. (ANI)