Parents, are you feeding your kids' emotional hunger?
| Updated: Apr 25, 2017 22:43 IST
Washington D.C. [USA], Apr 25 (ANI): Does a break-up equal a tub of ice cream and a cheese cake, a cure for the blues? According to a recent study, you may want to add this emotional eating habit to the blame-the-parents list. Emotional eating or in other words eating when you feel sad or upset or in response to another negative mood is not uncommon in children and adolescents, but why youth eat emotionally has been unclear. Now, the study found that school-age children, whose parents fed them more to soothe their negative feelings, were more likely to eat emotionally later on. The reverse was also found to be the case, with parents of children who were more easily soothed by food being more likely to feed them for emotional reasons. The findings come from researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, King's College London, University College London, and the University of Leeds. "Understanding where emotional eating comes from is important because such behaviour can increase the risk for being overweight and developing eating disorders," according to lead author Silje Steinsbekk. "If we can find out what influences the development of emotional eating in young children, parents can be given helpful advice about how to prevent it." When children eat to soothe their negative feelings, their food tends to be high in calories (e.g., sweets) so they consume more calories. If they emotionally overeat often, they are also more likely to be overweight. Emotional eating is also tied to the development of later eating disorders (e.g., bulimia and binge eating). This study sought to determine why children eat emotionally and is the first research to consider the issue in school-age children. Researchers examined emotional feeding and eating in a representative group of 801 Norwegian 4-year-olds, looking at these issues again at ages 6, 8, and 10. They sought to determine whether parents involved in the study (mostly mothers) shaped their children's later behavior by offering food to make them feel better when they were upset (emotional feeding), and whether parents whose children were easily soothed by food (those who calmed when given food) were more likely to offer them more food for comfort at a subsequent time. Parents were asked to complete questionnaires describing their children's emotional eating and temperament (how easily they became upset, how well they could control their emotions), as well as their own emotional feeding. Approximately 65 percent of the children displayed some emotional eating. The study found that young children whose parents offered them food for comfort at ages 4 and 6 had more emotional eating at ages 8 and 10. But the reverse was also true: Parents whose children were more easily comforted with food were more likely to offer them food to soothe them (i.e., to engage in emotional feeding). Thus, emotional feeding increased emotional eating, and emotional eating increased emotional feeding. The findings held even after accounting for children's body-mass index and initial levels of feeding and eating. Moreover, higher levels of negative affectivity (i.e., becoming angry or upset more easily) at age 4 increased children's risk for emotional eating and feeding at age 6. And this contributed to the bidirectional relation between emotional feeding and emotional eating. "We know that children who are more easily upset and have more difficulty controlling their emotions are more likely to eat emotionally than calmer children, perhaps because they experience more negative emotions and eating helps them calm down," noted coauthorLars Wichstrøm. "Our research adds to this knowledge by showing that children who are more easily upset are at highest risk for becoming emotional eaters." The authors suggest that instead of offering children food to soothe them when they are sad or upset, parents and other caregivers try to calm youngsters by talking, offering a hug, or soothing in ways that don't involve food. "Food may work to calm a child, but the downside is teaching children to rely on food to deal with negative emotions, which can have negative consequences in the long run," added Steinsbekk. The authors caution that because the study was conducted in Norway, which has a relatively homogenous and well-educated population, the findings should not be generalized to more diverse populations or to cultures with other feeding and eating practices without further study The study appears in the journal Child Development. (ANI)