Representative image
Representative image

Drafting of revised National Litigation Policy underway: Centre informs Delhi HC

ANI | Updated: Jan 13, 2021 15:03 IST

New Delhi [India], January 13 (ANI): The Central government on Wednesday told the Delhi High court that drafting of the revised National Litigation Policy (NLP) is underway.
NLP wasformulated by the Ministry of Law and Justice to bring down the litigation from government agencies by making them more responsible in filing cases.
On being informed by the counsel appearing for the Additional Solicitor General Chetan Sharma of the revised policy, a Division Bench of Chief Justice DN Patel and Justice Jyoti Singh adjourned the matter for February 12.
The court was hearing a plea seeking direction to the Central government through Law Secretary, Department of legal affairs to uniformly implement NIP launched on June 23, 2010, along with progressive changes subsequently brought into such policy, if any, amongst all Ministries, Departments, Instruments, PSUs and Apparatus under Respondent's control, and similar directions to Delhi Government in respect of State Litigation Policy, while determining a strict time schedule to be followed by the respondents.
The petitioners Dr N Bhaskar Rao and Shanmuga Patro sought the court's indulgence and intervention towards the alleged problem of judicial delay and huge arrears that stare 'we the people of India' in the face.
Unless something is done about it, the whole system will get crushed under its weight, they said.
The plea stated that the Department of Legal Affairs launched NLP on June 23, 2010.
"Thirteenth Finance Commission (2010-2015) made it a condition for States to formulate and implement State Litigation Policy in order to receive Central Grants. Working Group for the Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-2017) of Department of Justice Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India emphasised on strict implementation of NLP," it said.

It also stated that the Union Minister of Law directed different Ministries to review all pending court cases and take up Special Arears Clearance Drives.
The Judiciary has to spend its maximum time in tackling cases where the Government is a party, and the burden on Judiciary can only be reduced if the cases are filed after taking a careful and considered view, the plea said.
It also stated that there is a crucial need to take transformative measures to reduce the pendency of court cases.
"It is imperative to give top priority by all concerned Ministries/Departments to review all pending court cases and take up Special Arrears Clearance Drives. NLP was formulated with the purpose that the Government should not involve in frivolous litigation, especially where the stakes are not high. The policy aimed to transform the government into an efficient and responsible litigant," the plea stated.
The petitioners said that the underlying purpose of the policy is to reduce government litigation in courts so that valuable court time is spent in resolving other pending issues to enable the average pendency of a case in a court reduced from 15 years to 3 years.
They mentioned that the policy also formulated that all pending cases involving the government would be reviewed to filter frivolous and vexatious matters from the meritorious ones.
"Cases so identified would be withdrawn, which would also include cases covered by previous decisions of Courts. Such withdrawal of the cases would be done in a time-bound fashion," the plea said.
The PIL claimed that the Central government, however, is not adhering to its own aforesaid Policy, neither it is implementing the policy uniformly not in totality, thereby causing great injustice to the poor.
Recently the highest law officer of the country the Learned Attorney General highlighted the need for collective efforts to reduce the case burden on courts in his 2020 Constitution Day speech, said the petition. (ANI)