Holder, who missed last season's tournament because of international commitments, returns for the 2018 season to lead his home team.
Holder has led the West Indies in 77 international matches and brings a huge amount of captaincy experience to the Tridents squad.
He will be looking to lead his team to the knockout stages of this year's tournament after the Tridents missed out on the final stages in 2017.
Speaking about his appointment as captain for the Tridents, Holder said, "I am delighted to be back at the CPL for this season and I am really looking forward to making Barbados proud in 2018. We have a healthy contingent of local players in the squad this year and we are ready to make this a winning year for our home team."
Delighted with the appointment of his countryman as captain, Springer said, "Jason is a world-class player and a world-class captain that I have always looked up to as an example to follow. I am really excited to play under him as captain and I am confident he will get the best out of the Trident team this year when the CPL gets underway."
The Caribbean Premier League is slated to be held from August 8 and September 16.(ANI)