Huge diplomatic victory for India at BRICS

ANI | Updated: Sep 04, 2017 22:21 IST

New Delhi [India], Sep. 01, (ANI): Though Prime Minister Narendra Modi made no mention of terrorism in his address at the 9th BRICS Summit, India scored a major diplomatic victory when a joint declaration condemned terrorism and included Pakistan based terrorist organisation like Lashkar-e-Taiba, Haqqani network and Jaish-e-Mohammad in it.

The declaration was issued jointly by Brazil-Russia- India-China-South Africa on Monday.

"We deplore all terrorist attacks worldwide, including attacks in BRICS countries, and condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations wherever committed and by whomsoever and stress that there can be no justification. We express concern on the security situation in the region and violence caused by the Taliban, ISIL/DAISH, Al-Qaida and and its affiliates including the Haqqani network, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad, TTP and Hizb ut-Tahrir," the declaration said.

Strategic and diplomatic experts in India have expressed satisfaction over the declaration and lauded it as a major diplomatic victory for India in the BRICS summit, while commenting on the inclusion of Pakistan based terrorist organisations like Lashkar-e-Taiba, Haqqani network and Jaish-e-Mohammad along with other terrorist outfits active in BRICS countries, however, also cautioned not to over-hype the victory saying," it's a test match, not a 20-20 match".

"We have every reason to be satisfied because all our areas of concerns have been including mention of JEM and LET in the Para 48 of declaration, which relates to Terrorism," said Suresh K Goel, former Ambassador, who has also served in China.

Ambassador Goel said, "It's a very comprehensive declaration. It covers almost every area imaginable for cooperation among BRICS nations. The long BRICS declaration reminds me of those documents released after NAM summits in 70s and 80s".

"It's a huge diplomatic victory for India. It's unprecedented. It will force China to rethink its strategy of protecting Pakistan in UN over terror outfits," said Rajeev Sharma, Strategic Analyst and Columnist.

Urging nations to adopt a comprehensive policy in combating terrorism, countering radicalisation and curbing terror financing, the BRICS leaders called for expeditious finalisation and adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism by the UN.

BRICS, an acronym for Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, is a conglomeration of five leading emerging powers, straddling the continents of Asia, Africa and Latin America.

BRICS, the power of 'Five', constitutes one fourth of the world's landmass, 3.6 billion people, or half of the world's population and accounts for 25 percent of the global GDP amounting to 16 trillion dollars.

Till now eight BRICS summits have been held in Russian city of Yekaterinburg in June 2009, Brazil in 2010, Sanya, China in 2011, New Delhi in 2012, Durban, South Africa in 2013,Fortaleza, Brazil in 2014, Ufa Russia 2015 and Goa in 2016, but this is first time Pakistan based terror outfits have been named in the joint declaration.

China had vehemently opposed mention of Pakistan in the joint declaration in the 8th BRICS Summit that was held in Goa on 15-16 October 2016.

"But this time being the host, it could have only opposed it at the cost of taking the responsibility for the failure of the summit as other countries were on board with India to take a strong stand against terrorism," said Dr Satish Misra, Senior Fellow, Observer Research Foundation.

In 2016, President Xi, in his 10-minute speech, had made oblique reference to Kashmir; he talked about the need to find a "political solution" to "regional hotspots".

He had also called for concrete efforts and multi-pronged approach that address both "symptoms and root causes" to global challenges like terrorism.

PM Modi, in his speech, had targeted Pakistan (without naming it) and called it the "mothership" of terrorism and pointed out, "In our own region, terrorism poses a grave threat to peace, security and development."

Though all other countries were fairly supportive last year during Goa summit, India's efforts did not cut much ice with China, who continued to defend Pakistan's actions and also displayed out right indifference towards India's efforts to establish better neighbourly ties.

However, this year, in Xiamen, Indian concern were taken seriously by the BRICS members and thus, it found the place in the joint declaration.

"The BRICS declaration has, in very comprehensive manner, addressed the issue of terrorism and has called for cooperation both international as well as among the BRICS countries for taking effective steps to stop financing of international terrorism. There is a welcome call for taking counter-radicalisation measures," Dr Satish Misra said.

"Having succeeded in rallying the support of other BRICS nations, India's offer to host an international conference on countering radicalisation is a yet another step in the same direction," Misra added.

India's success in BRICS comes soon after the resolution of the Sino-Indian military stand-off at Doklam that lasted close to two and a half months. However, commenting cautiously about Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to Xiamen, after Doklam standoff, and describing it positive, Rajeev Sharma said, "But diplomacy is a work in progress, it's a test match, not a 20-20 match."

"Condemnation of the nuclear test by North Korea is another note taking development as Beijing that has been a close ally of North Korea was left with no other option but to go along with the group," Misra said. (ANI)