"A MiG-31 fighter crew of the Russian Aerospace Forces made a training launch of a hypersonic missile of the Kinzhal high-precision air missile system in the predetermined area," TASS reported, citing the Russian Defense Ministry as saying.
"The launch went according to plan, the hypersonic missile hit its target," the ministry added.
The country's defence ministry released video footage showing the missile detaching from a fighter jet and leaving a fiery trail behind it.
In an address to the nation on March 1, Putin had announced a new range of nuclear weapons that he said could hit almost any point in the world without being intercepted.
The Kinzhal missile was one of the unveiled weapons then.