Deadly dog disease Parvovirus hits Manipur, panic among owners

Updated:1 month, 3 weeks ago IST

Imphal (Manipur), Dec 23 (ANI): Known to be a deadly virus, Parvovirus, also known as Canine Parvovirus infection or simply CPV, has been taking toll on dogs every year in Manipur. The sudden outbreak of the virus has created panic among dog owners in the state. Dog owners are seen visiting at the State Veterinary Hospital for treatment, so that they could save their best friends from the epidemic. Around 80 to 100 dogs are being admitted to the State Veterinary Hospital in Imphal daily since from the past one month. Doctors at the State Veterinary Hospital, Imphal have confirmed the outbreak and stated the outbreak has been a regular phenomenon every year during the winter season. The Parvovirus attacks only to puppies which are below one year old, and is highly contagious. But it can easily spread to other pets in the house if the intervention is not timely. It has two forms of manifestations. The intestinal form, characterized by vomiting, anorexia, weight loss and diarrhoea. Another form is the cardiac form, characterized by weakening of heart muscles of fetuses and young puppies. However, the intestinal form is the most common form of manifestation. It's a highly contagious viral infection. It is mostly caused by genetic alteration of the original canine parvovirus known as the canine parvovirus type 2b. However, it mainly spreads either by direct contact with an infected dog or indirectly, by the faecal-oral route. It is also found in highly concentrated level in an infected dog’s stool, so if a healthy dog sniffs an infected dog’s stool (or anus), that dog can contract the disease. It can also be brought home by way of shoes that may have come into contact with infected faeces on the streets. Since it is a viral infection, unfortunately, there is no real cure for CPV. The only treatment is to lower the risk by preventing secondary bacterial infections and curing the symptoms. Intensive therapy and systemic support are the keys to recovery. Advanced medical treatment in a hospital environment is highly recommended by experts. The risk can be lowered by proper vaccination for CPV. Even if a dog is properly treated for CPV, a regular medical checkup is highly recommended.

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